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The Current Picture of the Transition to a Green Economy in the EU—Trends in Climate and Energy Policy versus State Security

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Department of Sustainable Finance and Capital Markets, Institute Economics and Finance, University of Szczecin, 71-101 Szczecin, Poland
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Department of Management and Command, Institute of Management, War Studies University, 00-910 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Finance, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warmia and Masuria in Olsztyn, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland
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Faculty of Finance and Management, WSB University in Gdańsk, 80-266 Gdańsk, Poland
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Department of Command and Naval Operations, Department of Safety Sciences, Naval Academy Heroes of Westerplatte in Gdynia, 81-127 Gdynia, Poland
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Department of Enterprise Management, Institute of Management, University of Szczecin, 71-004 Szczecin, Poland
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Department of Logistics and International Management, Faculty of Management, Częstochowa University of Technology, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Erik Möllerström
Energies 2021, 14(23), 8181; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238181
Received: 24 October 2021 / Revised: 30 November 2021 / Accepted: 2 December 2021 / Published: 6 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy―History and Time Trends)
This article presents the historical progression of changes and arguments indicating the need to move from fossil energy sources to the green economy in the European Union (EU) countries. It shows trends in the EU’s climate and energy policy compared to the rest of the world. At the same time, it points to the elements of the necessary compromise between the climate requirements and the energy security of countries and their economies. The aim of the article is to present the main quantitative challenges for the development of the green economy in the EU, which are analyzed from the perspective of the year 2030. For this year, specific values have been established to be achieved by European countries in several fundamental areas. On the other hand, the strategic goals and further development perspective are included until 2050. This undoubtedly indicates the complexity of the issue, which is intensified as a result of the various economic and political strategies of many European Union members. At the same time, as part of the analysis carried out, efforts are made to develop concepts and practical recommendations for the development of a green European economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy and climate policy; state security; economic efficiency; European Union; sustainable development; green economy; renewable energy sources (RES); energy sources energy and climate policy; state security; economic efficiency; European Union; sustainable development; green economy; renewable energy sources (RES); energy sources
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miciuła, I.; Wojtaszek, H.; Włodarczyk, B.; Szturo, M.; Gac, M.; Będźmirowski, J.; Kazojć, K.; Kabus, J. The Current Picture of the Transition to a Green Economy in the EU—Trends in Climate and Energy Policy versus State Security. Energies 2021, 14, 8181. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238181

AMA Style

Miciuła I, Wojtaszek H, Włodarczyk B, Szturo M, Gac M, Będźmirowski J, Kazojć K, Kabus J. The Current Picture of the Transition to a Green Economy in the EU—Trends in Climate and Energy Policy versus State Security. Energies. 2021; 14(23):8181. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238181

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miciuła, Ireneusz, Henryk Wojtaszek, Bogdan Włodarczyk, Marek Szturo, Miłosz Gac, Jerzy Będźmirowski, Katarzyna Kazojć, and Judyta Kabus. 2021. "The Current Picture of the Transition to a Green Economy in the EU—Trends in Climate and Energy Policy versus State Security" Energies 14, no. 23: 8181. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238181

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