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Article

Hydrogen Station Location Planning via Geodesign in Connecticut: Comparing Optimization Models and Structured Stakeholder Collaboration

1
School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85281, USA
2
Connecticut Hydrogen Fuel Cell Coalition, East Hartford, CT 06108, USA
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Department of Geography, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, USA
4
Spatial Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
5
School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85281, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gregory Trencher, Andrew John Chapman and Araz Taeihagh
Energies 2021, 14(22), 7747; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14227747
Received: 24 September 2021 / Revised: 3 November 2021 / Accepted: 9 November 2021 / Published: 18 November 2021
Geodesign is a participatory planning approach in which stakeholders use geographic information systems to develop and vet alternative design scenarios in a collaborative and iterative process. This study is based on a 2019 geodesign workshop in which 17 participants from industry, government, university, and non-profit sectors worked together to design an initial network of hydrogen refueling stations in the Hartford, Connecticut, metropolitan area. The workshop involved identifying relevant location factors, rapid prototyping of station network designs, and developing consensus on a final design. The geodesign platform, which was designed specifically for facility location problems, enables breakout groups to add or delete stations with a simple point-and-click operation, view and overlay different map layers, compute performance metrics, and compare their designs to those of other groups. By using these sources of information and their own expert local knowledge, participants recommended six locations for hydrogen refueling stations over two distinct phases of station installation. We quantitatively and qualitatively compared workshop recommendations to solutions of three optimal station location models that have been used to recommend station locations, which minimize travel times from stations to population and traffic or maximize trips that can be refueled on origin–destination routes. In a post-workshop survey, participants rated the workshop highly for facilitating mutual understanding and information sharing among stakeholders. To our knowledge, this workshop represents the first application of geodesign for hydrogen refueling station infrastructure planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen fuel cell vehicle; FCEV; stakeholder engagement; collaborative planning; geodesign; station network design; optimization models; refueling station hydrogen fuel cell vehicle; FCEV; stakeholder engagement; collaborative planning; geodesign; station network design; optimization models; refueling station
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lopez Jaramillo, O.; Rinebold, J.; Kuby, M.; Kelley, S.; Ruddell, D.; Stotts, R.; Krafft, A.; Wentz, E. Hydrogen Station Location Planning via Geodesign in Connecticut: Comparing Optimization Models and Structured Stakeholder Collaboration. Energies 2021, 14, 7747. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14227747

AMA Style

Lopez Jaramillo O, Rinebold J, Kuby M, Kelley S, Ruddell D, Stotts R, Krafft A, Wentz E. Hydrogen Station Location Planning via Geodesign in Connecticut: Comparing Optimization Models and Structured Stakeholder Collaboration. Energies. 2021; 14(22):7747. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14227747

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lopez Jaramillo, Oscar, Joel Rinebold, Michael Kuby, Scott Kelley, Darren Ruddell, Rhian Stotts, Aimee Krafft, and Elizabeth Wentz. 2021. "Hydrogen Station Location Planning via Geodesign in Connecticut: Comparing Optimization Models and Structured Stakeholder Collaboration" Energies 14, no. 22: 7747. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14227747

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