Shale gas accumulates in reservoirs that have favorable characteristics and associated organic geochemistry. The Wufeng-Longmaxi formation of Well Yucan-6 in Southeast Chongqing, SW China was used as a representative example to analyze the organic geochemical and reservoir characteristics of various shale intervals. Total organic carbon (TOC), vitrinite reflectance (Ro), rock pyrolysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and nitrogen adsorption analyses were conducted, and a vertical coupling variation law was established. Results showed the following: the Wufeng-Longmaxi formation shale contains kerogen types I and II2
; the average TOC value at the bottom of the formation is 3.04% (and the average value overall is 0.78%); the average Ro value is 1.94%; the organic matter is in a post mature thermal evolutionary stage; the shale minerals are mainly quartz and clay; and the pores are mainly intergranular, intragranular dissolved pores, organic matter pores and micro fractures. In addition, the average specific surface area (BET) of the shale is 5.171 m2
/g; micropores account for 4.46% of the total volume; the specific surface area reaches 14.6%; and mesopores and macropores are the main pore spaces. There is a positive correlation between TOC and the quartz content of Wufeng-Longmaxi shale, and porosity is positively correlated with the clay mineral content. It is known that organic pores and the specific area develop more favorably when the clay mineral content is higher because the adsorption capacity is enhanced. In addition, as shale with a high clay mineral content and high TOC content promotes the formation of a large number of nanopores, it has a strong adsorption capacity. Therefore, the most favorable interval for shale gas exploration and development in this well is the shale that has a high TOC content, high clay mineral content, and a suitable quartz content. The findings of this study can help to better identify shale reservoirs and predict the sweet point in shale gas exploration and development.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited