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Article

Charging for Collaboration: Exploring the Dynamics of Temporal Fit in Interdependent Constellations for Innovation

ITEM Group, Department of Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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Academic Editor: Marcin Połom
Energies 2021, 14(17), 5386; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175386
Received: 29 June 2021 / Revised: 22 August 2021 / Accepted: 25 August 2021 / Published: 30 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in the Development of Electric Vehicle)
The development of a suitable public charging system for electric vehicles relies on inputs from many complementary organizations that need to synchronize interdependencies across different activities, organizations, and industries. Research on temporal fit has focused on synchronizing activities within or external to the organization, rather than exploring synchronization across multiple organizations with highly interdependent yet colliding temporal structures and multiple time-givers. Drawing on a case study of a collaborative effort to create a national charging infrastructure for electric vehicles, we theorize the interplay between various highly interdependent actors. The resulting theory posits that actors combine and shift between different innovation practices to organize time and explains how multiple, yet interdependent actors engaging in temporal work attempt to accomplish temporal fit. Three entrainment dynamics are identified: (1) temporal tug-of-war through ecosystem configuration; (2) temporal dictating through group politics; and (3) ecosystem navigation through temporal ambivalence. These dynamics arise both between and within groups of actors when they coordinate innovation practices across multiple temporal structures and time-givers. Together, the simultaneous pursuit of synchronization within and across these different coalitions appears to constrain the realization of the collective goal. View Full-Text
Keywords: EV charging infrastructure; electric vehicles; temporal work; entrainment; collaborative innovation setting EV charging infrastructure; electric vehicles; temporal work; entrainment; collaborative innovation setting
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MDPI and ACS Style

van Galen, W.P.L.; Walrave, B.; Dolmans, S.A.M.; Romme, A.G.L. Charging for Collaboration: Exploring the Dynamics of Temporal Fit in Interdependent Constellations for Innovation. Energies 2021, 14, 5386. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175386

AMA Style

van Galen WPL, Walrave B, Dolmans SAM, Romme AGL. Charging for Collaboration: Exploring the Dynamics of Temporal Fit in Interdependent Constellations for Innovation. Energies. 2021; 14(17):5386. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175386

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Galen, Wouter P. L., Bob Walrave, Sharon A. M. Dolmans, and A. Georges L. Romme. 2021. "Charging for Collaboration: Exploring the Dynamics of Temporal Fit in Interdependent Constellations for Innovation" Energies 14, no. 17: 5386. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175386

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