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Article

Impact of Spanish Offshore Wind Generation in the Iberian Electricity Market: Potential Savings and Policy Implications

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad de Sevilla, 41004 Sevilla, Spain
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Technology and Cybernetics, University of South-Eastern Norway, 3918 Porsgrunn, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carlos Guedes Soares
Energies 2021, 14(15), 4481; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154481
Received: 19 June 2021 / Revised: 18 July 2021 / Accepted: 19 July 2021 / Published: 24 July 2021
The European Union considers that offshore wind power will play a key role in making the EU the first climate-neutral continent by 2050. Currently, the potential of offshore wind energy is still untapped in Spain. Furthermore, the characteristics of the coastline in Spain require floating technology, making it challenging to install wind farms due to their current high cost. This work seeks to quantify the impact that Spanish offshore wind energy would have on the Iberian electricity market. Several offshore wind scenarios are evaluated by combining available information in relation to areas suitable for installing wind farms and wind resource data. The impact on the day-ahead electricity market has been obtained by reproducing the market, including these new offshore wind generation scenarios. The introduction of this renewable energy results in a market cost reduction in what is known as the merit-order effect. According to our estimates, for each MWh of offshore wind energy introduced in the market, there would be a market cost reduction of 45 €. These savings can serve as a reference for regulators to adjust their policy framework to boost floating wind offshore generation. View Full-Text
Keywords: floating offshore wind farm; day-ahead market; merit-order effect; offshore wind energy floating offshore wind farm; day-ahead market; merit-order effect; offshore wind energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Roldan-Fernandez, J.-M.; Serrano-Gonzalez, J.; Gonzalez-Longatt, F.; Burgos-Payan, M. Impact of Spanish Offshore Wind Generation in the Iberian Electricity Market: Potential Savings and Policy Implications. Energies 2021, 14, 4481. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154481

AMA Style

Roldan-Fernandez J-M, Serrano-Gonzalez J, Gonzalez-Longatt F, Burgos-Payan M. Impact of Spanish Offshore Wind Generation in the Iberian Electricity Market: Potential Savings and Policy Implications. Energies. 2021; 14(15):4481. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154481

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roldan-Fernandez, Juan-Manuel, Javier Serrano-Gonzalez, Francisco Gonzalez-Longatt, and Manuel Burgos-Payan. 2021. "Impact of Spanish Offshore Wind Generation in the Iberian Electricity Market: Potential Savings and Policy Implications" Energies 14, no. 15: 4481. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154481

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