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Article

Exploring the Grid Value of Offshore Wind Energy in Oregon

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Energy & Environment Directorate, Richland, WA 99354, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: 620 SW 5th Ave, Ste. 810, Portland, OR 97204, USA.
Academic Editors: Galih Bangga and Len Gelman
Energies 2021, 14(15), 4435; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154435
Received: 25 June 2021 / Revised: 17 July 2021 / Accepted: 19 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers on Wind, Wave and Tidal Energy)
The significant offshore wind energy potential of Oregon faces several challenges, including a power grid which was not developed for the purpose of transmitting energy from the ocean. The grid impacts of the energy resource are considered through the lenses of (i) resource complementarity with Variable Renewable Energy resources; (ii) correlations with load profiles from the four balancing authorities with territory in Oregon; and (iii) spatial value to regional and coastal grids as represented through a production cost model of the Western Interconnection. The capacity implications of the interactions between offshore wind and the historical east-to-west power flows of the region are discussed. The existing system is shown to accommodate more than two gigawatts of offshore wind interconnections with minimal curtailment. Through three gigawatts of interconnection, transmission flows indicate a reduction of coastal and statewide energy imports as well as minimal statewide energy exports. View Full-Text
Keywords: offshore wind energy; marine renewable energy; transmission of ocean energy; complementarity; system integration; production cost modelling; Western Interconnection; Oregon offshore wind energy; marine renewable energy; transmission of ocean energy; complementarity; system integration; production cost modelling; Western Interconnection; Oregon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Douville, T.C.; Bhatnagar, D. Exploring the Grid Value of Offshore Wind Energy in Oregon. Energies 2021, 14, 4435. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154435

AMA Style

Douville TC, Bhatnagar D. Exploring the Grid Value of Offshore Wind Energy in Oregon. Energies. 2021; 14(15):4435. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154435

Chicago/Turabian Style

Douville, Travis C., and Dhruv Bhatnagar. 2021. "Exploring the Grid Value of Offshore Wind Energy in Oregon" Energies 14, no. 15: 4435. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14154435

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