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The Effect of Lighting on Crime Counts

School of Architecture, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
Department of Criminology and Social Sciences, University of Derby, Derby DE22 1GB, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Annika K. Jägerbrand and Francesco Nocera
Energies 2021, 14(14), 4099;
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 21 June 2021 / Accepted: 29 June 2021 / Published: 7 July 2021
The influence of lighting on crime was investigated by considering the effect of ambient light level on crimes recorded in three US cities for the ten-year period 2010 to 2019. Crime counts were compared for similar times of day, before and after the biannual clock change, therefore employing an abrupt change of light level but without an obvious intervention such as improving road lighting in an area. The results suggest a significant increase in robbery during darkness, confirming previous studies. The results also suggest darkness leads to an increase in arson and curfew loitering offenses, and to a decrease in disorderly conduct, family offences (non-violent) and prostitution. Future research investigating the effectiveness of improved street lighting should consider that this may not be beneficial for all types of crime. View Full-Text
Keywords: lighting; crime; robbery lighting; crime; robbery
MDPI and ACS Style

Fotios, S.A.; Robbins, C.J.; Farrall, S. The Effect of Lighting on Crime Counts. Energies 2021, 14, 4099.

AMA Style

Fotios SA, Robbins CJ, Farrall S. The Effect of Lighting on Crime Counts. Energies. 2021; 14(14):4099.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fotios, Steve A., Chloe J. Robbins, and Stephen Farrall. 2021. "The Effect of Lighting on Crime Counts" Energies 14, no. 14: 4099.

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