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Article

P2P, CSC and TE: A Survey on Hardware, Software and Data

1
International Energy Research Centre (IERC), Tyndall National Institute, T12R5CP Cork, Ireland
2
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University College Cork, T12K8AF Cork, Ireland
3
Department of Computer Science, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TH, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Akhtar Kalam
Energies 2021, 14(13), 3851; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133851
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 18 June 2021 / Accepted: 22 June 2021 / Published: 26 June 2021
Peer-to-Peer (P2P), Transactive Energy (TE) and Community Self-Consumption (CSC) are exciting energy generation and use models, offering several opportunities for prosumers, micro-grids and services to the grid; however, they require numerous components to function efficiently. Various hardware devices are required to transmit data and control the generation and consumption equipment, whereas software is needed to use the gathered information to monitor and manage the hardware and energy trading. Data can be gathered from a variety of origins from within the grid and external sources; however, these data must be well-structured and consistent to be useful. This paper sets out to gather information regarding the hardware, software and data from the several archetypes available, focusing on existing projects and trials in these areas to see what the most-common hardware, software and data components are. The result presents a concise overview of the hardware, software and data-related topics and structures within the P2P, TE and CSC energy generation and use models. View Full-Text
Keywords: peer-to-peer; P2P; transactive energy; TE; community self-consumption; CSC; hardware; software; data; smart grid; renewable energy peer-to-peer; P2P; transactive energy; TE; community self-consumption; CSC; hardware; software; data; smart grid; renewable energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

O’Regan, B.; Silva, F.; O’Leidhin, E.; Tahir, F.; Mould, K.; Hayes, B.; Hosseinnezhad, V.; Chitchyan, R.; Lyons, P. P2P, CSC and TE: A Survey on Hardware, Software and Data. Energies 2021, 14, 3851. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133851

AMA Style

O’Regan B, Silva F, O’Leidhin E, Tahir F, Mould K, Hayes B, Hosseinnezhad V, Chitchyan R, Lyons P. P2P, CSC and TE: A Survey on Hardware, Software and Data. Energies. 2021; 14(13):3851. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133851

Chicago/Turabian Style

O’Regan, Brian, Fabio Silva, Eoin O’Leidhin, Farah Tahir, Karen Mould, Barry Hayes, Vahid Hosseinnezhad, Ruzanna Chitchyan, and Padraig Lyons. 2021. "P2P, CSC and TE: A Survey on Hardware, Software and Data" Energies 14, no. 13: 3851. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133851

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