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Article

Impacts of Electricity Outages in Urban Households in Developing Countries: A Case of Accra, Ghana

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Tlemcen, B.P. 119|Pôle Chetouane, Tlemcen 13000, Algeria
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UN Campus, United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1, D-53113 Bonn, Germany
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Pan African University Institute of Water and Energy Sciences—PAUWES, c/o University of Tlemcen, B.P. 119|Pôle Chetouane, Tlemcen 13000, Algeria
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Department of Geography, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU), Luisenstrasse 37, 80333 München, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yuriy Bilan
Energies 2021, 14(12), 3676; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123676
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 25 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 20 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Energy & Society)
Many developing countries in Africa face a “double tragedy” when it comes to electrification. Electricity access rates are low, while those who have access to electricity face frequent outages. There are ongoing efforts aimed at increasing access to electricity on the continent. However, the need to improve the reliability of electricity supply receives limited attention. Unreliable electricity impacts users by limiting electricity utilization and the benefits that should accrue from having an electricity connection. Using data from 496 household survey questionnaires, this study examines the impacts of electricity outages in urban households in Accra, Ghana. The study applies correlation and regression analyses to identify which household characteristics are associated with or predict households reporting outage impacts. Outages were found to impact household safety/security, access to food, and access to social services and were found to cause appliance damage as well. Factors that are significantly correlated with reporting certain outage impacts include respondent’s annual income and employment status, frequency of electricity outages, and household size. Significant predictors of reporting outage impacts are socioeconomic disadvantage, high exposure to outages, and living in a large family setting. The study’s findings underscore the need for interventions to eliminate, or at least minimize, electricity supply interruptions in developing countries if sustainable social and economic development is to be achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: electricity outages; outage impacts; households; Ghana electricity outages; outage impacts; households; Ghana
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nduhuura, P.; Garschagen, M.; Zerga, A. Impacts of Electricity Outages in Urban Households in Developing Countries: A Case of Accra, Ghana. Energies 2021, 14, 3676. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123676

AMA Style

Nduhuura P, Garschagen M, Zerga A. Impacts of Electricity Outages in Urban Households in Developing Countries: A Case of Accra, Ghana. Energies. 2021; 14(12):3676. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123676

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nduhuura, Paul, Matthias Garschagen, and Abdellatif Zerga. 2021. "Impacts of Electricity Outages in Urban Households in Developing Countries: A Case of Accra, Ghana" Energies 14, no. 12: 3676. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123676

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