Next Article in Journal
CFD Simulation of Aeration and Mixing Processes in a Full-Scale Oxidation Ditch
Next Article in Special Issue
Analytical Solution for Coupled Diffusion Induced Stress Model for Lithium-Ion Battery
Previous Article in Journal
Viscosity Loss and Hydraulic Pressure Drop on Multilayer Separate Polymer Injection in Concentric Dual-Tubing
Previous Article in Special Issue
Li-Ion Battery Performance Degradation Modeling for the Optimal Design and Energy Management of Electrified Propulsion Systems
Article

High Reynold’s Number Turbulent Model for Micro-Channel Cold Plate Using Reverse Engineering Approach for Water-Cooled Battery in Electric Vehicles

1
Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering Department, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
2
Detroit Engineering Products, 850 East Long Lake Road, Troy, MI 48085, USA
3
Chemical Engineering Department, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(7), 1638; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13071638
Received: 4 March 2020 / Revised: 22 March 2020 / Accepted: 30 March 2020 / Published: 2 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Storage Systems for Electric Vehicles)
The investigation and improvement of the cooling process of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) used in battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are required in order to achieve better performance and longer lifespan. In this manuscript, the temperature and velocity profiles of cooling plates used to cool down the large prismatic Graphite/LiFePO4 battery are presented using both laboratory testing and modeling techniques. Computed tomography (CT) scanning was utilized for the cooling plate, Detroit Engineering Products (DEP) MeshWorks 8.0 was used for meshing of the cooling plate, and STAR CCM+ was used for simulation. The numerical investigation was conducted for higher C-rates of 3C and 4C with different ambient temperatures. For the experimental work, three heat flux sensors were attached to the battery surface. Water was used as a coolant inside the cooling plate to cool down the battery. The mass flow rate at each channel was 0.000277677 kg/s. The k-ε model was then utilized to simulate the turbulent behaviour of the fluid in the cooling plate, and the thermal behaviour under constant current (CC) discharge was studied and validated with the experimental data. This study provides insight into thermal and flow characteristics of the coolant inside a cooing plate, which can be used for designing more efficient cooling plates. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat and mass transfer; thermal analysis; Lithium-ion battery; micro-channel cooling plate; battery thermal management; MeshWorks; CFD heat and mass transfer; thermal analysis; Lithium-ion battery; micro-channel cooling plate; battery thermal management; MeshWorks; CFD
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Panchal, S.; Gudlanarva, K.; Tran, M.-K.; Fraser, R.; Fowler, M. High Reynold’s Number Turbulent Model for Micro-Channel Cold Plate Using Reverse Engineering Approach for Water-Cooled Battery in Electric Vehicles. Energies 2020, 13, 1638. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13071638

AMA Style

Panchal S, Gudlanarva K, Tran M-K, Fraser R, Fowler M. High Reynold’s Number Turbulent Model for Micro-Channel Cold Plate Using Reverse Engineering Approach for Water-Cooled Battery in Electric Vehicles. Energies. 2020; 13(7):1638. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13071638

Chicago/Turabian Style

Panchal, Satyam, Krishna Gudlanarva, Manh-Kien Tran, Roydon Fraser, and Michael Fowler. 2020. "High Reynold’s Number Turbulent Model for Micro-Channel Cold Plate Using Reverse Engineering Approach for Water-Cooled Battery in Electric Vehicles" Energies 13, no. 7: 1638. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13071638

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop