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Open AccessArticle

Numerical Simulation of Sulfur Deposit with Particle Release

by Zhongyi Xu 1,2, Shaohua Gu 1,2, Daqian Zeng 1,2, Bing Sun 1,2 and Liang Xue 3,4,*
State Key Laboratory of Shale Oil and Gas Enrichment Mechanisms and Effective Development, Beijing 100083 China
Sinopec Petroleum Exploration and Production Research Institute, Beijing 100083, China
State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum - Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Department of Oil-Gas Field Development Engineering, College of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum - Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(6), 1522;
Received: 11 December 2019 / Revised: 24 February 2020 / Accepted: 6 March 2020 / Published: 23 March 2020
Sulfur deposition commonly occurs during the development of a high-sulfur gas reservoirs. Due to the high gas flow velocity near the wellbore, some of the deposited sulfur particles re-enter the pores and continue to migrate driven by the high-speed gas flow. The current mathematical model for sulfur deposition ignores the viscosity between particles, rising flow caused by turbulence, and the corresponding research on the release ratio of particles. In order to solve the above problems, firstly, the viscous force and rising force caused by turbulence disturbance are introduced, and the critical release velocity of sulfur particles is derived. Then, a release model of sulfur particles that consider the critical release velocity and release ratio is proposed by combining the probability theory with the hydrodynamics theory. Notably, based on the experimental data, the deposition ratio of sulfur particles and the damage coefficient in the sulfur damage model are determined. Finally, a comprehensive particle migration model considering the deposition and release of sulfur particles is established. The model is then applied to the actual gas wells with visible sulfur deposition that target the Da-wan gas reservoir, and the results show that the model correctly reflects flow transport during the process of sulfur deposition in porous media. In addition, through the numerical simulation experiments, it was found that considering the release of sulfur particles reduces the saturation of sulfur particles within a specific range around the well and improve the reservoir permeability in this range. From the perspective of gas production rate, the release of sulfur particles has a limited effect on the gas production rate, which is mainly due to the sulfur particle release being limited, having only a 5 m range near the wellbore area, and thus the amount of gas flow from the unaffected area is basically unchanged. View Full-Text
Keywords: acid gas reservoir; solid sulfur deposit; particle release; reservoir numerical simulation acid gas reservoir; solid sulfur deposit; particle release; reservoir numerical simulation
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Xu, Z.; Gu, S.; Zeng, D.; Sun, B.; Xue, L. Numerical Simulation of Sulfur Deposit with Particle Release. Energies 2020, 13, 1522.

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