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Open AccessArticle

Developing Process Designs for Biorefineries—Definitions, Categories, and Unit Operations

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Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Niels Bohrvej 8, DK-6700 Esbjerg, Denmark
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Facultad de Ingeniería, Instituto de Ingeniería Química, Universidad de la República, Julio Herrera y Reissig 565, Montevideo 11300, Uruguay
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Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
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Institute of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(6), 1493; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13061493
Received: 20 February 2020 / Revised: 12 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 21 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biorefineries for the Production of Fuel)
In this review, we focus on the literature that described the various unit operations in a process design flowsheet of biorefineries. We begin by establishing the accepted definitions of a biorefinery, go on to describe how to categorize biorefineries, and finally review the literature on biorefinery process designs by listing the unit operation in each process design. Distinguishing biorefineries based on feedstock, the types of processing units, and the products emanating from the biorefinery are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; bio-products; process design; biorefinery; lignocellulose; proteins; waste; microalgae biomass; bio-products; process design; biorefinery; lignocellulose; proteins; waste; microalgae
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chaturvedi, T.; Torres, A.I.; Stephanopoulos, G.; Thomsen, M.H.; Schmidt, J.E. Developing Process Designs for Biorefineries—Definitions, Categories, and Unit Operations. Energies 2020, 13, 1493.

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