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Article

Electric Vehicles Energy Management with V2G/G2V Multifactor Optimization of Smart Grids

Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná-UTFPR, Pato Branco-PR 85503-390, Brazil
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Energies 2020, 13(5), 1191; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051191
Received: 5 December 2019 / Revised: 14 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 5 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Grid-to-Vehicle (G2V) and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Technologies)
Energy Storage Systems (ESS) and Distributed Generation (DG) are topics in a large number of recent research works. Moreover, given the increasing adoption of EVs, high capacity EV batteries can be used as ESS, as most vehicles remain idle for long periods during work or home parking. However, the high EV penetration introduces some issues related to the charging power requirements, thereby increasing the peak demand for microgrids where EV chargers are installed. In addition, photovoltaic distributed generation is becoming another issue to deal with in EV charging microgrids. Therefore, this new scenario requires an Energy Management System (EMS) able to deal with charging demand, as well as with generation intermittency. This paper presents an EMS strategy for Microgrids that contain an EV parking lot (EVM), Photovoltaic (PV) arrays, and dynamic loads connected to the grid considering a Point of Common Coupling (PCC). The EVM-EMS utilizes the projections of future PV generation and future demand to accomplish a dynamic programming technique that optimizes the EVs’ charging (G2V) or discharging (V2G) profiles. This algorithm attends to user preferences while reducing the demand grid dependences and improves the microgrid efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; optimization; energy management; electric vehicles; distributed generation smart grid; optimization; energy management; electric vehicles; distributed generation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salvatti, G.A.; Carati, E.G.; Cardoso, R.; da Costa, J.P.; Stein, C.M.d.O. Electric Vehicles Energy Management with V2G/G2V Multifactor Optimization of Smart Grids. Energies 2020, 13, 1191. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051191

AMA Style

Salvatti GA, Carati EG, Cardoso R, da Costa JP, Stein CMdO. Electric Vehicles Energy Management with V2G/G2V Multifactor Optimization of Smart Grids. Energies. 2020; 13(5):1191. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051191

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salvatti, Gabriel A.; Carati, Emerson G.; Cardoso, Rafael; da Costa, Jean P.; Stein, Carlos M.d.O. 2020. "Electric Vehicles Energy Management with V2G/G2V Multifactor Optimization of Smart Grids" Energies 13, no. 5: 1191. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051191

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