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Article

An Integrated Energy Simulation Model for Buildings

1
Energy Management in the Built Environment Research Lab, Environmental Engineering School, Technical University of Crete, 73100 Chania, Greece
2
Mathematical Modeling and Applications Laboratory, Section of Mathematics, Hellenic Naval Academy, 18539 Piraeus, Greece
3
Stochastic Modeling and Applications Laboratory, Department of Statistics, Athens University of Economics & Business, 10434 Athens, Greece
4
Research for Innovation, AEA srl, Angeli di Rosora, 60030 Marche, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(5), 1170; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051170
Received: 14 January 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 25 February 2020 / Published: 4 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy Resource Assessment and Forecasting)
The operation of buildings is linked to approximately 36% of the global energy consumption, 40% of greenhouse gas emissions, and climate change. Assessing the energy consumption and efficiency of buildings is a complex task addressed by a variety of methods. Building energy modeling is among the dominant methodologies in evaluating the energy efficiency of buildings commonly applied for evaluating design and renovation energy efficiency measures. Although building energy modeling is a valuable tool, it is rarely the case that simulation results are assessed against the building’s actual energy performance. In this context, the simulation results of the HVAC energy consumption in the case of a smart industrial near-zero energy building are used to explore areas of uncertainty and deviation of the building energy model against measured data. Initial model results are improved based on a trial and error approach to minimize deviation based on key identified parameters. In addition, a novel approach based on functional shape modeling and Kalman filtering is developed and applied to further minimize systematic discrepancies. Results indicate a significant initial performance gap between the initial model and the actual energy consumption. The efficiency and the effectiveness of the developed integrated model is highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: deformable models; electric energy demand; functional statistics; Kalman filtering; shape-invariant model deformable models; electric energy demand; functional statistics; Kalman filtering; shape-invariant model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kampelis, N.; Papayiannis, G.I.; Kolokotsa, D.; Galanis, G.N.; Isidori, D.; Cristalli, C.; Yannacopoulos, A.N. An Integrated Energy Simulation Model for Buildings. Energies 2020, 13, 1170. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051170

AMA Style

Kampelis N, Papayiannis GI, Kolokotsa D, Galanis GN, Isidori D, Cristalli C, Yannacopoulos AN. An Integrated Energy Simulation Model for Buildings. Energies. 2020; 13(5):1170. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051170

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kampelis, Nikolaos, Georgios I. Papayiannis, Dionysia Kolokotsa, Georgios N. Galanis, Daniela Isidori, Cristina Cristalli, and Athanasios N. Yannacopoulos 2020. "An Integrated Energy Simulation Model for Buildings" Energies 13, no. 5: 1170. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051170

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