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Article

Lignocellulosic Ethanol in a Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Obligation System—A Case Study of Swedish Sawdust Based-Ethanol Production

Environmental and Energy Systems Studies, Department of Technology and Society, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
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Energies 2020, 13(5), 1048; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051048
Received: 21 January 2020 / Revised: 23 February 2020 / Accepted: 23 February 2020 / Published: 26 February 2020
A greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction obligation system has been implemented in the Swedish road transport sector to promote the use of biofuels. For transportation fuel suppliers to fulfil this obligation, the volume of biofuel required decreases with decreasing life cycle GHG emission for the biofuel, linking lower GHG emission to higher economic value. The aim of this study was to investigate how the economic competitiveness of a Swedish emerging lignocellulosic-based ethanol production system would be influenced by the reduction obligation. The life cycle GHG emission for sawdust-based ethanol was calculated by applying the method advocated in the EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED II). The saving in GHG emissions, compared with fossil liquid transportation fuels, was 93% for a potential commercial production system in southern Sweden. This, in turn, will increase the competitiveness of sawdust-based ethanol compared to the mainly crop-based ethanol currently used in the Swedish biofuel system, which has an average GHG emission saving of 68%, and will allow for an almost 40% higher price of sawdust-based ethanol, compared to the current price of ethanol at point of import. In a future developed, large-scale market of advanced ethanol, today’s GHG emission reduction obligation system in Sweden seems to afford sufficient economic advantage to make lignocellulosic ethanol economically viable. However, in a short-term perspective, emerging lignocellulosic-based ethanol production systems are burdened with economic risks and therefore need additional economic incentives to make a market introduction possible. View Full-Text
Keywords: ethanol; lignocellulosic biomass; life cycle assessment; GHG emissions; political incentives; economic performance ethanol; lignocellulosic biomass; life cycle assessment; GHG emissions; political incentives; economic performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Haus, S.; Björnsson, L.; Börjesson, P. Lignocellulosic Ethanol in a Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Obligation System—A Case Study of Swedish Sawdust Based-Ethanol Production. Energies 2020, 13, 1048. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051048

AMA Style

Haus S, Björnsson L, Börjesson P. Lignocellulosic Ethanol in a Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Obligation System—A Case Study of Swedish Sawdust Based-Ethanol Production. Energies. 2020; 13(5):1048. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051048

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haus, Sylvia, Lovisa Björnsson, and Pål Börjesson. 2020. "Lignocellulosic Ethanol in a Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Obligation System—A Case Study of Swedish Sawdust Based-Ethanol Production" Energies 13, no. 5: 1048. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051048

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