Traditional acoustic evaluation of a diesel engine generally uses the A-weighted sound pressure level (AWSPL) and radiated sound power to assess the noise of an engine prototype present in an experiment. However, this cannot accurately and comprehensively reflect the auditory senses of human subjects during the simulation stage. To overcome such shortage, the Moore–Glasberg loudness and sharpness approach is applied to evaluate and improve the sound quality (SQ) of a 16 V-type marine diesel engine, and synthesizing noise audio files. Through finite element (FE) simulations, the modes of the engine’s block and the average vibrational velocity of the entire engine surface were calculated and compared with the test results. By further applying an automatically matched layer (AML) approach, the engine-radiated sound pressure level (SPL) and sound power contributions of all engine parts were obtained. By analyzing the Moore–Glasberg loudness and sharpness characteristics of three critical sound field points, an improvement strategy of the oil sump was then proposed. After improvement, both the loudness and sharpness decreased significantly. To verify the objective SQ evaluation results, ten noise audio clips of the diesel engine were then synthesized and tested. The subjective evaluation results were in accordance with the simulated analysis. Therefore, the proposed approach to analyze and improve the SQ of a diesel engine is reliable and effective.
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