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To What Extent Is Manure Produced, Distributed, and Potentially Available for Bioenergy? A Step toward Stimulating Circular Bio-Economy in Poland

Department of Bioeconomy and Systems Analysis, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation-State Research Institute (IUNG-PIB), 24-100 Puławy, Poland
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Energies 2020, 13(23), 6266; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236266
Received: 23 September 2020 / Revised: 23 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioeconomy for Resilient Post-COVID Economies)
Bioenergy production from animal waste can be a key driver to achieving bio-economy goals. Developing a bio-economy sector could help to create opportunities for a circular system where not only people and the planet will be benefited, but it will also provide economic profitability to farmers, especially in the post-Covid period. To this end, manure production, its nutrient content, and bioenergy potential were estimated, along with their spatial distribution in the Lubelskie province, Poland. Farm-level data were processed and aggregated at the municipality level. Material balance equations were used to calculate the theoretical potential of livestock manure and bioenergy for different use scenarios: (1) Baseline (BC): direct manure application to land, which was compared against (2) Anaerobic Digestion (AD): anaerobic digestion to biogas with digestate returned to the fields (3) AD + Separation (AD + Sep): mechanical separation followed by anaerobic digestion, and (4) Surplus + AD: surplus manure (after application to the fields) is sent to anaerobic digestion. Manure, biogas, electricity, and thermal energy production of the AD scenario were estimated to be 7.5 Mt y−1, 378 Mm3 y−1, 907 GWe y−1, and 997.8 GWth y−1, respectively. The scenario, including mechanical separation followed by anaerobic digestion (AD + Sep), contributed to avoiding emissions to the largest extent (1 Mt CO2 eq), whereas AD outperformed the others in avoiding costs of fertilization. According to the estimated potential and the environmental cost-effectiveness of AD, new plants can be established that will recycle manure through bioenergy production, and, subsequently, the digestate can be applied as organic fertilizer, closing the nutrients cycle. View Full-Text
Keywords: manure; bioenergy; biogas; livestock; GHG emissions; costs manure; bioenergy; biogas; livestock; GHG emissions; costs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sefeedpari, P.; Pudełko, R.; Jędrejek, A.; Kozak, M.; Borzęcka, M. To What Extent Is Manure Produced, Distributed, and Potentially Available for Bioenergy? A Step toward Stimulating Circular Bio-Economy in Poland. Energies 2020, 13, 6266. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236266

AMA Style

Sefeedpari P, Pudełko R, Jędrejek A, Kozak M, Borzęcka M. To What Extent Is Manure Produced, Distributed, and Potentially Available for Bioenergy? A Step toward Stimulating Circular Bio-Economy in Poland. Energies. 2020; 13(23):6266. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236266

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sefeedpari, Paria; Pudełko, Rafał; Jędrejek, Anna; Kozak, Małgorzata; Borzęcka, Magdalena. 2020. "To What Extent Is Manure Produced, Distributed, and Potentially Available for Bioenergy? A Step toward Stimulating Circular Bio-Economy in Poland" Energies 13, no. 23: 6266. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13236266

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