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Open AccessArticle

CFD-DEM Simulation of Biomass Pyrolysis in Fluidized-Bed Reactor with a Multistep Kinetic Scheme

1
Division of Fluid Dynamics, Chalmers University of Technology, 41296 Göteborg, Sweden
2
Department of Engineering Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
4
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(20), 5358; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205358
Received: 16 September 2020 / Revised: 4 October 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass and Waste)
The pyrolysis of biomass in a fluidized-bed reactor is studied by a combination of a CFD-DEM algorithm and a multistep kinetic scheme, where fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, particle collisions, and the detailed thermochemical conversion of biomass are all resolved. The integrated method is validated by experimental results available in literature and a considerable improvement in predicting the pyrolysis product yields is obtained as compared to previous works using a two-fluid model, especially the relative error in the predicted tar yield is reduced by more than 50%. Furthermore, the evolution of light gas, char and tar, as well as the particle conversion, which cannot easily be measured in experiments, are also revealed. Based on the proposed model, the influences of pyrolysis temperature and biomass particle size on the pyrolysis behavior in a fluidized-bed reactor are comprehensively studied. Numerical results show that the new algorithm clearly captures the dependence of char yield on pyrolysis temperature and the influence of heating rate on light gas and tar yields, which is not possible in simulations based on a simplified global pyrolysis model. It is found that, as the temperature rises from 500 to 700 °C, the light gas yield increases from 17% to 25% and char yield decreases from 22% to 14%. In addition, within the tested range of particle sizes (<1 mm), the impact on pyrolysis products from particle size is relatively small compared with that of the operating temperature. The simulations demonstrate the ability of a combined Lagrangian description of biomass particles and a multistep kinetic scheme to improve the prediction accuracy of fluidized-bed pyrolysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass fluidized-bed pyrolysis; CFD-DEM; two-fluid model; multistep kinetic model; tar biomass fluidized-bed pyrolysis; CFD-DEM; two-fluid model; multistep kinetic model; tar
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, T.; Ku, X.; Lin, J.; Ström, H. CFD-DEM Simulation of Biomass Pyrolysis in Fluidized-Bed Reactor with a Multistep Kinetic Scheme. Energies 2020, 13, 5358. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205358

AMA Style

Chen T, Ku X, Lin J, Ström H. CFD-DEM Simulation of Biomass Pyrolysis in Fluidized-Bed Reactor with a Multistep Kinetic Scheme. Energies. 2020; 13(20):5358. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205358

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Tao; Ku, Xiaoke; Lin, Jianzhong; Ström, Henrik. 2020. "CFD-DEM Simulation of Biomass Pyrolysis in Fluidized-Bed Reactor with a Multistep Kinetic Scheme" Energies 13, no. 20: 5358. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205358

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