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Article

Investigation of the Possibilities to Improve Hydrodynamic Performances of Micro-Hydrokinetic Turbines

Department of Energy, Power and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Ivana Lučića 5, p.p. 102, 10002 Zagreb, Croatia
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Energies 2020, 13(17), 4560; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13174560
Received: 23 July 2020 / Revised: 28 August 2020 / Accepted: 31 August 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section B2: Wind, Wave and Tidal Energy)
Horizontal axis turbines are commonly used for harnessing renewable hydrokinetic energy, contained in marine and river currents. In order to encourage the expansion of electricity generation using micro-hydrokinetic turbines, several design improvements are investigated. Firstly, optimization-based design of rotor blade is used to get as close as possible to the efficiency limit of 59.3% (known as Betz limit), that counts for bare turbine rotors, placed in the free flow. Additional diffuser elements are further added to examine the potential to overcome the theoretical efficiency limit by accelerating water at the axial direction. Various diffuser geometrical configurations are investigated using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to obtain insight into hydrodynamics of augmented micro-hydrokinetic turbines. Moreover, the turbines are compared from the energy conversion efficiency point of view. The highest maximum power coefficient increase of 81% is obtained with brimmed (flanged) diffuser. Diffusers with foil-shaped cross-sections have also been analyzed but power augmentation is not significantly greater than in the case of simple cross-section designs of the same dimensions. The power coefficients’ comparison indicate that considerable power augmentation is achievable using brimmed diffuser with higher value of length-to-diameter ratio. However, the impact of diffuser length increase on the power coefficient enhancement becomes weaker as the length-to-diameter ratio reaches a value of 1. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydropower; hydrokinetic turbine; shrouded turbine; diffuser augmented turbine; optimization based design; power augmentation hydropower; hydrokinetic turbine; shrouded turbine; diffuser augmented turbine; optimization based design; power augmentation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barbarić, M.; Guzović, Z. Investigation of the Possibilities to Improve Hydrodynamic Performances of Micro-Hydrokinetic Turbines. Energies 2020, 13, 4560. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13174560

AMA Style

Barbarić M, Guzović Z. Investigation of the Possibilities to Improve Hydrodynamic Performances of Micro-Hydrokinetic Turbines. Energies. 2020; 13(17):4560. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13174560

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barbarić, Marina, and Zvonimir Guzović. 2020. "Investigation of the Possibilities to Improve Hydrodynamic Performances of Micro-Hydrokinetic Turbines" Energies 13, no. 17: 4560. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13174560

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