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Open AccessReview

Emerging Tools for Energy System Design Increasing Economic and Environmental Sustainability

1
Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory—SPIL, NETME Centre, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology—VUT Brno, Technická 2896/2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Maribor - UM FKKT, Smetanova ulica 17, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(16), 4062; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13164062
Received: 12 June 2020 / Revised: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 5 August 2020
Energy is a fundamental element supporting societal development, particularly with the increasing dependency on the Internet of Things. It is also the main contributor to environmental impacts and subsequently, a potential sector for mitigation. Sustainable energy system design considers energy savings and energy efficiency, waste and consumption reduction, process efficiency enhancement, waste heat recovery, and integration of renewable energy. Emerging tools range from advanced Process Integration, modelling, simulation, and optimisation, to system analysis and assessment. This review covers selected emerging studies promoting sustainable system design, including the recent developments reported in the Special Issue (SI) of the 22nd Conference on Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction (PRES’19). The primary emphasis was to enhance the economic and environmental performance. However, social factors were also highlighted as essential for future sustainable development. The discussion and analysis in this review focus on the most recent developments of (a) heat integration and heat transfer; (b) integrated and newly developed heat exchangers, (c) integration of renewables, and (d) roles in economic and environmental sustainability. The key results are highlighted, and future research ideas are suggested according to their links to a broader context. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy system; environmental sustainability; heat integration; economic sustainability; optimisation and modelling tools energy system; environmental sustainability; heat integration; economic sustainability; optimisation and modelling tools
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fan, Y.V.; Pintarič, Z.N.; Klemeš, J.J. Emerging Tools for Energy System Design Increasing Economic and Environmental Sustainability. Energies 2020, 13, 4062.

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