Understanding the Multi-Faceted Drivers of Increasing Coal Consumption in Indonesia
1.1. Overview of Coal Consumption in Indonesia
1.2. Government Policy Landscape
1.3. Problems Caused by Rising Coal Consumption
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Study Design
2.2. Review of Decomposition Analysis Literature
2.3. Method in This Study and Data Sources
3.1. Drivers of Changes in Aggregate Coal Consumption
3.2. Figures, Tables and Schemes
5. Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
5.1. Key Findings
5.2. Policy Recommendations
Conflicts of Interest
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|Wang et al. ||PDA||2005–2010||China||Power plant emissions have been reduced by varying degrees due to different technologies.|
|Wang and Feng ||PDA||2000–2014||China||Emissions of the construction industry have increased in all provinces.|
|Chen and Duan ||PDA||2001–2010||China||The factors contributing to a reduction in CO2 emissions growth are technical efficiency, technological progress, and change in the output structure.|
|Wei et al. ||SDA||2000–2010||China (Beijing)||Increased emissions in Beijing were mainly caused by the metal and non-metal mining industries, power plants/utility sector and the construction industry.|
|Yuan and Zhao ||SDA||2000–2010||China||The main driver of decreasing emission in energy intensive industries is the technological effect.|
|Lan et al. ||SDA||1990–2010||Global||Population and affluence are the main driving forces of the energy footprint.|
|Wang et al. ||SDA||1997–2012||China||Industrial sector enhancement can significantly reduce coal consumption.|
|Tang et al. ||IDA: LMDI||1997–2014||China||Industrial structure shifting has compacted coal consumption significantly since 2012.|
|Zhang et al. ||IDA: LMDI||1991–2013||China||The industrial sector was the largest final user of coal, while power generation was the biggest coal consumer among all transformation sectors.|
|Yang et al. ||IDA: LMDI||1990–2012||China||The energy mix effect increased renewable energy consumption.|
|Chong et al. ||IDA: LMDI||2001–2011||China||Coal consumption has primarily been driven by the expansion of heavy industry.|
|Yeo et al. ||IDA: LMDI||1990–2011||China and India||The energy intensity effect is the main driving force of CO2 emissions reduction in the household sectors.|
|Chong et al. ||IDA: LMDI||1978–2014||Malaysia||End-use fuel-mix changes increased CO2 emissions in Malaysia|
|Reddy and Ray ||IDA: Sun’s method||1991–2005||India||The energy intensity effect has reduced energy consumption in all industries, except textiles.|
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Kurniawan, R.; Trencher, G.P.; Edianto, A.S.; Setiawan, I.E.; Matsubae, K. Understanding the Multi-Faceted Drivers of Increasing Coal Consumption in Indonesia. Energies 2020, 13, 3660. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143660
Kurniawan R, Trencher GP, Edianto AS, Setiawan IE, Matsubae K. Understanding the Multi-Faceted Drivers of Increasing Coal Consumption in Indonesia. Energies. 2020; 13(14):3660. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143660Chicago/Turabian Style
Kurniawan, Robi, Gregory P. Trencher, Achmed S. Edianto, Imam E. Setiawan, and Kazuyo Matsubae. 2020. "Understanding the Multi-Faceted Drivers of Increasing Coal Consumption in Indonesia" Energies 13, no. 14: 3660. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13143660