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Open AccessArticle

Maximum Utilization of Dynamic Rating Operated Distribution Transformer (DRoDT) with Battery Energy Storage System: Analysis on Impact from Battery Electric Vehicles Charging

1
School of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
2
ABB PGTR Hub (Asia), ABB Ltd., Singapore 139935, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(13), 3411; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133411
Received: 1 June 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2020 / Accepted: 30 June 2020 / Published: 2 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Storage for Grid Integration of Renewable Energy)
This paper investigates thermal overloading, voltage dips and insulation failure across a distribution transformer (DT), under residential and battery electric vehicle (BEV) loadings. The objective of this paper is to discuss the charging impact of BEVs on voltage across consumer-service points, as well as across the life of paper insulation under varying ambient temperatures (during winter and summer), with and without a centralized battery energy storage system (BESS). This study contributes in two ways. The first part of this study deals with coordinated and uncoordinated BEV charging scenarios. The second part of this study deals with maximum utilization of a test DT rated under dynamic thermal rating (DRoDT). The DRoDT integration with BESS is carried out to flatten the load spikes, to obtain maximum DT utilization, to achieve active power and voltage supports in addition to an enhanced DT lifespan. The obtained results indicate that, when test DT operates under the proposed hybrid technique (combining both dynamic transformer ratings and a centralized BESS), it attains maximum utilization, lower hot-spot temperature, enhanced lifespan, less degraded paper insulation and an improved voltage across each consumer service point. The proposed technique is furthermore found effective in maintaining the loading across the distribution transformer within the nominal limits. However, under excess loading during peak hours, the proposed technique provides relief to the DT to a certain extent. To achieve an optimal DT operation and an enhanced BESS lifespan, the BESS is operated under nominal charging and discharging cyclic limits. Under the proposed DRoDT integration with BESS, DT attains 25.9% more life when loaded with coordinated BEV charging, in comparison to no BESS integration under the same loading scenario. The worst loading due to uncoordinated BEV charging also brings 51% increase in DT life when loaded under the proposed technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: battery energy storage system; coordinated versus uncoordinated battery electric vehicles charging; distribution transformer; dynamic transformer rating; paper insulation battery energy storage system; coordinated versus uncoordinated battery electric vehicles charging; distribution transformer; dynamic transformer rating; paper insulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Talpur, S.; Tjing Lie, T.; Zamora, R.; Priyo Das, B. Maximum Utilization of Dynamic Rating Operated Distribution Transformer (DRoDT) with Battery Energy Storage System: Analysis on Impact from Battery Electric Vehicles Charging. Energies 2020, 13, 3411.

AMA Style

Talpur S, Tjing Lie T, Zamora R, Priyo Das B. Maximum Utilization of Dynamic Rating Operated Distribution Transformer (DRoDT) with Battery Energy Storage System: Analysis on Impact from Battery Electric Vehicles Charging. Energies. 2020; 13(13):3411.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Talpur, Saifal; Tjing Lie, Tek; Zamora, Ramon; Priyo Das, Bhaba. 2020. "Maximum Utilization of Dynamic Rating Operated Distribution Transformer (DRoDT) with Battery Energy Storage System: Analysis on Impact from Battery Electric Vehicles Charging" Energies 13, no. 13: 3411.

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