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Article

Virtual Simulation of Electric Bus Fleets for City Bus Transport Electrification Planning

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, 10002 Zagreb, Croatia
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Energies 2020, 13(13), 3410; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133410
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 24 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 2 July 2020
City bus transport electrification has a strong potential of improving city air quality, reducing noise pollution and increasing passenger satisfaction. Since the city bus operation is rather deterministic and intermittent, the driving range- and charging-related concerns may be effectively overcome by means of fast charging at end stations and/or slow charging in depot. In order to support decision making processes, a simulation tool for planning of city bus transport electrification has been developed and it is presented in this paper. The tool is designed to use real/recorded driving cycles and techno-economic data, in order to calculate the optimal type and number of e-buses and chargers, and predict the total cost of ownership including investment and exploitation cost. The paper focuses on computationally efficient e-bus fleet simulation including powertrain control and charging management aspects, which is illustrated through main results of a pilot study of bus transport electrification planning for the city of Dubrovnik. View Full-Text
Keywords: city bus transport; electric vehicles; electrification; software tool; planning; control; charging management; simulation; analysis city bus transport; electric vehicles; electrification; software tool; planning; control; charging management; simulation; analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Topić, J.; Soldo, J.; Maletić, F.; Škugor, B.; Deur, J. Virtual Simulation of Electric Bus Fleets for City Bus Transport Electrification Planning. Energies 2020, 13, 3410. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133410

AMA Style

Topić J, Soldo J, Maletić F, Škugor B, Deur J. Virtual Simulation of Electric Bus Fleets for City Bus Transport Electrification Planning. Energies. 2020; 13(13):3410. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133410

Chicago/Turabian Style

Topić, Jakov, Jure Soldo, Filip Maletić, Branimir Škugor, and Joško Deur. 2020. "Virtual Simulation of Electric Bus Fleets for City Bus Transport Electrification Planning" Energies 13, no. 13: 3410. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133410

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