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Open AccessArticle

Internet of Things (IoT) Platform for Multi-Topic Messaging

by Mahmoud Hussein 1,2,†,‡, Ahmed I. Galal 2,‡, Emad Abd-Elrahman 1,*,†,‡ and Mohamed Zorkany 1,†,‡
1
National Telecommunication Institute (NTI), Cairo 11768, Egypt
2
Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia 61519, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: 5 Mahmoud El Miligui Street, 6th district-Nasr City, Cairo 11768, Egypt.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Energies 2020, 13(13), 3346; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133346
Received: 1 May 2020 / Revised: 26 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IoT and Sensor Networks in Industry and Society)
IoT-based applications operate in a client–server architecture, which requires a specific communication protocol. This protocol is used to establish the client–server communication model, allowing all clients of the system to perform specific tasks through internet communications. Many data communication protocols for the Internet of Things are used by IoT platforms, including message queuing telemetry transport (MQTT), advanced message queuing protocol (AMQP), MQTT for sensor networks (MQTT-SN), data distribution service (DDS), constrained application protocol (CoAP), and simple object access protocol (SOAP). These protocols only support single-topic messaging. Thus, in this work, an IoT message protocol that supports multi-topic messaging is proposed. This protocol will add a simple “brain” for IoT platforms in order to realize an intelligent IoT architecture. Moreover, it will enhance the traffic throughput by reducing the overheads of messages and the delay of multi-topic messaging. Most current IoT applications depend on real-time systems. Therefore, an RTOS (real-time operating system) as a famous OS (operating system) is used for the embedded systems to provide the constraints of real-time features, as required by these real-time systems. Using RTOS for IoT applications adds important features to the system, including reliability. Many of the undertaken research works into IoT platforms have only focused on specific applications; they did not deal with the real-time constraints under a real-time system umbrella. In this work, the design of the multi-topic IoT protocol and platform is implemented for real-time systems and also for general-purpose applications; this platform depends on the proposed multi-topic communication protocol, which is implemented here to show its functionality and effectiveness over similar protocols. View Full-Text
Keywords: internet of things (IoT); real-time system (RTS); real-time operating systems (RTOS); IoT protocols internet of things (IoT); real-time system (RTS); real-time operating systems (RTOS); IoT protocols
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hussein, M.; Galal, A.I.; Abd-Elrahman, E.; Zorkany, M. Internet of Things (IoT) Platform for Multi-Topic Messaging. Energies 2020, 13, 3346.

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