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Open AccessConcept Paper

The Green Structure for Outdoor Places in Dry, Hot Regions and Seasons—Providing Human Thermal Comfort in Sustainable Cities

1
Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Institute of Environmental Engineering and Building Installations, Poznań University of Technology, Berdychowo 4, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
2
Department of Plant Physiology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wołyńska 35, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
3
The Botanical Garden of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Dąbrowskiego 165, 60-594 Poznań, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(11), 2755; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13112755
Received: 22 April 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 22 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Energy and Buildings)
Hot and dry climate and air pollution is a growing problem in urban areas, and this can have an adverse impact on life and health of urban residents. One of the ways to protect people from this hazard is the use of urban green or street greenery. However, its implementation can be problematic in highly urbanized areas. This paper presents a concept of the green structure (GS), designed, and is still being developed, by Adam Kalinowski where cooling efficiency is based on the synergy of shade and evapotranspiration. The GS that could be used as street furniture, small architecture form or a public utility structure intended to protect people and objects from an adverse urban environment, at the same time providing pleasant and healthy microclimate inside. The pilot project-the first application of the GS in the urban environment-is presented and the results of short-term measurements of temperature and humidity are provided and analyzed. Moreover, a simple dynamic simulation of the GS performance in courtyards has been conducted. The obtained results show the decrease of the perceived temperature within this structure. Depending on climate type, an average potential reduction of Universal Thermal Comfort Index (UTCI) and mean radiant temperature (Tmrt), caused by the GS in a courtyard case study, is 5–8 °C and 17–29 °C, respectively. Performed simulation also confirms that TRNSYS software is an appropriate tool for simple outdoor microclimate analysis. Further research to develop this concept, increase its performance and customize it for different applications are proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: nature based solution; green infrastructure; green shelter; green tunnel; pergolas; shade; evapotranspiration; pocket park; climate change adaption; green wall nature based solution; green infrastructure; green shelter; green tunnel; pergolas; shade; evapotranspiration; pocket park; climate change adaption; green wall
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bandurski, K.; Bandurska, H.; Kazimierczak-Grygiel, E.; Koczyk, H. The Green Structure for Outdoor Places in Dry, Hot Regions and Seasons—Providing Human Thermal Comfort in Sustainable Cities. Energies 2020, 13, 2755.

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