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Open AccessArticle

Fault Detection and Classification of Shunt Compensated Transmission Line Using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Naive Bayes Classifier

Advanced Lightning Power and Energy Research (ALPER), Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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Energies 2020, 13(1), 243; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13010243
Received: 12 October 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 17 November 2019 / Published: 3 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Power Transmission Line Simulation)
This paper presents the methodology to detect and identify the type of fault that occurs in the shunt compensated static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) transmission line using a combination of Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and Naive Bayes (NB) classifiers. To study this, the network model is designed using Matlab/Simulink. Different types of faults, such as Line to Ground (LG), Line to Line (LL), Double Line to Ground (LLG) and the three-phase (LLLG) fault, are applied at disparate zones of the system, with and without STATCOM, considering the effect of varying fault resistance. The three-phase fault current waveforms obtained are decomposed into several levels using Daubechies (db) mother wavelet of db4 to extract the features, such as the standard deviation (SD) and energy values. Then, the extracted features are used to train the classifiers, such as Multi-Layer Perceptron Neural Network (MLP), Bayes and the Naive Bayes (NB) classifier to classify the type of fault that occurs in the system. The results obtained reveal that the proposed NB classifier outperforms in terms of accuracy rate, misclassification rate, kappa statistics, mean absolute error (MAE), root mean square error (RMSE), percentage relative absolute error (% RAE) and percentage root relative square error (% RRSE) than both MLP and the Bayes classifier. View Full-Text
Keywords: static synchronous compensator (STATCOM); discrete wavelet transform (DWT); multi-layer perceptron neural network (MLP); Bayes and Naive Bayes (NB) classifier static synchronous compensator (STATCOM); discrete wavelet transform (DWT); multi-layer perceptron neural network (MLP); Bayes and Naive Bayes (NB) classifier
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aker, E.; Othman, M.L.; Veerasamy, V.; Aris, I.b.; Wahab, N.I.A.; Hizam, H. Fault Detection and Classification of Shunt Compensated Transmission Line Using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Naive Bayes Classifier. Energies 2020, 13, 243. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13010243

AMA Style

Aker E, Othman ML, Veerasamy V, Aris Ib, Wahab NIA, Hizam H. Fault Detection and Classification of Shunt Compensated Transmission Line Using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Naive Bayes Classifier. Energies. 2020; 13(1):243. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13010243

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aker, Elhadi; Othman, Mohammad L.; Veerasamy, Veerapandiyan; Aris, Ishak b.; Wahab, Noor I.A.; Hizam, Hashim. 2020. "Fault Detection and Classification of Shunt Compensated Transmission Line Using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Naive Bayes Classifier" Energies 13, no. 1: 243. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13010243

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