Drivers and Barriers to Industrial Energy Efficiency in Textile Industries of Bangladesh
- Energy efficiency potential among large textile factories of Bangladesh;
- Energy efficiency technologies and measures presently taken by these factories;
- Existing long-term energy management strategies (if any);
- Drivers for energy efficiency;
- Barriers to energy efficiency.
2. Energy Situation and Textile Industry Context in Bangladesh
2.1. Use of Energy in Bangladesh
2.2. Textile Industry in Bangladesh
3. Energy Efficiency and Energy Management
3.1. Energy Efficient Technologies in the Textile Industry
3.2. Energy Management in Industry
5.1. Barriers to Energy Efficiency
5.2. Drivers for Energy Efficiency
5.3. Energy Efficiency Potential
5.4. Energy Management
5.5. Energy Service Companies
Conflicts of Interest
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|Commercial and public service||468||(2%)||1776||(1%)|
|H&M||Swedish multinational clothing-retail company|
|Walmart||American multinational retailing corporation|
|C&A||Dutch chain of fashion retail clothing stores|
|Zara||Spanish multinational clothing and accessories retailer company|
|Gap||American worldwide clothing and accessories retailer|
|Levi’s||American clothing company|
|Process, Technology, and Equipment||Remark|
|Production equipment in dyeing/washing and processing||Most units rely on imported equipment.|
|Stenter||Two types mainly: gas-based and hot-oil-based.|
|Steam boilers and thermic fluid heaters||Two types mainly: two-pass steam boilers and three-pass steam boilers.|
|Air compressors||Reconditioned air compressors are used mainly. Big units utilize the new screw compressors.|
|Water pumps||Most units use locally available submersible/centrifugal water pumps.|
|Stand-by power generators||Reconditioned power generators are mainly used, whereas large units utilize high-efficiency generators as base load.|
|Plant lighting||All of the major textile processing units utilize a large number of T8-type lights with electromagnetic ballasts.|
|Energy Efficiency Options||Breakdown of Technologies/Options|
|Preparatory process||Installation of electronic roving end-break|
|Stop-motion detector instead of pneumatic system|
|High-speed carding machine|
|Ring frame||Use of energy-efficient spindle oil|
|Optimum oil level in the spindle bolsters|
|Replacement of lighter spindle|
|Synthetic sandwich tapes for ring frames|
|Ring diameter optimization|
|Energy efficient motor installation in ring frame|
|Soft starter installation|
|High-speed ring spinning frame|
|Winding, doubling, and finishing process||Installation of variable frequency drive on autoconer|
|Intermittent mode of movement of empty bobbin conveyor in the autoconer/cone winding machines|
|Modified outer pot in two-for-one (TFO) machines|
|Optimization of balloon setting in two-for-one (TFO) machines|
|Replacing the electrical heating system with steam heating system for the yarn polishing machine|
|Air conditioning and humidification system||Replacement of nozzles with energy-efficient mist nozzles in yarn conditioning room|
|Installation of variable frequency drive (VFD)|
|Replacement of the existing aluminium alloy fan impellers with high-efficiency fiberglass-reinforced plastic impellers|
|General measures||Energy conversion measures at overhead traveling cleaner|
|Energy efficient blower fans|
|Power factor improvement plant (PFI plant)|
|Selection criteria of industries||Energy cost equal or higher than 7% of the turnover|
|Number of industries to which the questionnaire was sent||78|
|Number of respondents||31|
|Rate of response||40%|
|Type of companies||Spinning, dyeing, and apparel|
|Designation of the respondents||Plant manager/chief engineer|
|Total questions in the questionnaire||64|
|Outsource facility||“No” for most of the industries. Few companies have an outsourcing facility in case of technical problems|
|Payback criteria||Payback criteria involve 3 to 4 years for the majority of companies. Few companies had a payback time of around 2−3 years.|
|Reliability check||Cronbach’s alpha test|
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Hasan, A.S.M.M.; Rokonuzzaman, M.; Tuhin, R.A.; Salimullah, S.M.; Ullah, M.; Sakib, T.H.; Thollander, P. Drivers and Barriers to Industrial Energy Efficiency in Textile Industries of Bangladesh. Energies 2019, 12, 1775. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091775
Hasan ASMM, Rokonuzzaman M, Tuhin RA, Salimullah SM, Ullah M, Sakib TH, Thollander P. Drivers and Barriers to Industrial Energy Efficiency in Textile Industries of Bangladesh. Energies. 2019; 12(9):1775. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091775Chicago/Turabian Style
Hasan, A S M Monjurul, Mohammad Rokonuzzaman, Rashedul Amin Tuhin, Shah Md. Salimullah, Mahfuz Ullah, Taiyeb Hasan Sakib, and Patrik Thollander. 2019. "Drivers and Barriers to Industrial Energy Efficiency in Textile Industries of Bangladesh" Energies 12, no. 9: 1775. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091775