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Open AccessArticle

Active Control of Drive Chain Torsional Vibration for DFIG-Based Wind Turbine

1
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Shihezi University, Xinjiang 832007, China
2
School of Electrical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400032, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(9), 1744; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091744
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 29 April 2019 / Accepted: 5 May 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Design, Fabrication and Performance of Wind Turbines 2019)
Due to the fast electric control of the doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) when experiencing power grid disturbance or turbulent wind, the flexible drive chain of the wind turbine (WT) generates long-term torsional vibration, which shortens the service life of the drive chain. The torsional vibration causes fatigue damage of the gearbox and affects power generation. In this paper, a two-channel active damping control measure is proposed. The strategy forms a new WT electromagnetic torque reference value through two channels: one is a proportion integration differentiation (PID) damping term with frequency difference, which is used to reduce torsional vibration caused by frequency difference between fan and shafting; the other adopts the torsional vibration angle (θs) as the feedback signal, and an additional damping term is formed by bandpass filter (BPF) and trap filter (BRF). The strategy can increase the electromagnetic torque and suppress the torsional vibration of the drive chain. Finally, modeling and simulation using MATLAB/Simulink show that the method can effectively suppress the torsional vibration of the drive chain without affecting power generation. View Full-Text
Keywords: torsional vibration; active control strategy; drive chain; electromagnetic torque; wind power generation; doubly-fed induction generator; wind turbine torsional vibration; active control strategy; drive chain; electromagnetic torque; wind power generation; doubly-fed induction generator; wind turbine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Z.; Tian, S.; Zhang, Y.; Li, H.; Lu, M. Active Control of Drive Chain Torsional Vibration for DFIG-Based Wind Turbine. Energies 2019, 12, 1744.

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