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An Analysis on Barriers to Biomass and Bioenergy Development in Rural China Using Intuitionistic Fuzzy Cognitive Map

by Linmao Ma 1,2, Jing Yu 1,2,* and Long Zhang 3
1
School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Resources Environmental Economic Research Center, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
3
Business School, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(9), 1598; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091598
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 14 April 2019 / Accepted: 24 April 2019 / Published: 26 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass and Biofuels 2019)
Biomass is viewed as one of the critical renewable energies and it widely exists in nature. Developing bioenergy has been promoted as a viable mean of dealing with environment issues that are related to the utilization of fossil fuel. However, due to many obstacles, the biomass and bioenergy technology has not won widespread support in developing countries, like China, with vast land area, particularly in rural area. Furthermore, most existing researches just focused on the description of the influence factors, along with the solution to the technical problems, while many social factors are overlooked. In fact, the process of developing biomass is indeed complicated due to the need for consensus and active participation of the various stakeholders, such as the government, the industry, and the local residents. Therefore, while integrating the intuitionistic fuzzy logic and fuzzy cognitive map, this study constructs an intuitionistic fuzzy cognitive map (IFCM) that is in line with experts’ suggestions and the current literature to investigate how to promote the development of biomass through enhancing public acceptance. We conduct several simulations from the perspective of different stakeholders, according to the IFCM. The analysis results reveal the influence mechanism in the system and illustrate the effect of various factors that are stressed by every stakeholder. The research design also provides a reference for future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; bioenergy; public acceptance; intuitionistic fuzzy logic; fuzzy cognitive map biomass; bioenergy; public acceptance; intuitionistic fuzzy logic; fuzzy cognitive map
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Ma, L.; Yu, J.; Zhang, L. An Analysis on Barriers to Biomass and Bioenergy Development in Rural China Using Intuitionistic Fuzzy Cognitive Map. Energies 2019, 12, 1598.

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