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Article

Incidence of Photovoltaics in Cities Based on Indicators of Occupancy and Urban Sustainability

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Universidad Politécnica Salesiana, Calle Vieja 12-30 y Elia Liut, Cuenca 010102, Ecuador
2
Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo, Universidad de Cuenca, Cuenca 010103, Ecuador
3
Department of Graphic Engineering, Design and Projects, Universidad de Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(5), 810; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12050810
Received: 28 January 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 24 February 2019 / Published: 28 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Efficient and Smart Cities 2019)
Previous research has assessed the potential of solar energy against possible demand; however, the sustainability issues associated with the use of large-scale photovoltaic deployment in urban areas have not been jointly established. In this paper, the impact of photovoltaic energy in the total urban energy mix is estimated using a series of indicators that consider the economic, environmental and social dimensions. These indicators have been previously applied at the country level; the main contribution of this research is applying them at the urban level to the city of Cuenca, Ecuador. Cuenca is close to the equatorial line and at a high altitude, enabling this area to reach the maximum self-supply index because of the high irradiation levels and reduced demand. The solar potential was estimated using a simple methodology that applies several indexes that were proven reliable in a local context considering this particular sun path. The results demonstrate that the solar potential can meet the electric power demand of this city, and only the indicator related to employment is positive and substantially affected. The indicators related to the price of energy, emissions and fossil fuel dependency do not change significantly, unless a fuel-to-electricity transport system conversions take place. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban renewable energy; urban photovoltaics; urban solar potential urban renewable energy; urban photovoltaics; urban solar potential
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barragán-Escandón, A.; Zalamea-León, E.; Terrados-Cepeda, J. Incidence of Photovoltaics in Cities Based on Indicators of Occupancy and Urban Sustainability. Energies 2019, 12, 810. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12050810

AMA Style

Barragán-Escandón A, Zalamea-León E, Terrados-Cepeda J. Incidence of Photovoltaics in Cities Based on Indicators of Occupancy and Urban Sustainability. Energies. 2019; 12(5):810. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12050810

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barragán-Escandón, Antonio, Esteban Zalamea-León, and Julio Terrados-Cepeda. 2019. "Incidence of Photovoltaics in Cities Based on Indicators of Occupancy and Urban Sustainability" Energies 12, no. 5: 810. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12050810

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