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Open AccessArticle

Mechatronic Modeling and Frequency Analysis of the Drive Train of a Horizontal Wind Turbine

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Basque Country University (UPV/EHU), Nieves Cano, 12, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
2
Department of System Engineering and Automation Control, Basque Country University (UPV/EHU), Nieves Cano, 12, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
3
Department of Nuclear and Fluid Mechanics, Basque Country University (UPV/EHU), Nieves Cano, 12, 01006 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(4), 613; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12040613
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 31 January 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 15 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Design, Fabrication and Performance of Wind Turbines 2019)
The relevance of renewable energies is undeniable, and among them, the importance of wind energy is capital. A lot of literature has been devoted to the control techniques that deal with the optimization of the energy produced, but the maintainability of the individual wind turbines and of the farms in general is also a fundamental factor to take into account. In this paper, the authors address the general problem of knowing in advance the resonance frequencies of the power system of a wind turbine, with the underlying idea being that those frequencies should be avoided and that resonances do not occur only due to mechanical phenomena, but also because of electrical phenomena that in turn are influenced by control and optimization techniques. Therefore, the availability of that information embedded in the optimization techniques that control a wind turbine is of major importance. The main purpose of this paper was accomplished through two related objectives: the first was to obtain a mechatronic model (using a lumped parameters model of two degrees of freedom) of the drive train in the Laplace domain oriented to subsequently perform the described analysis. The second was to use that model to determine analytically the number and the value of the resonance frequencies from the generator angular velocity in such a way that such information could be used by any control algorithm or even by the mechatronic system designers. We assessed through experimental validation using a real 100 kW wind turbine that these two objectives were reached, demonstrating that the different vibration modes were detected using only the generator angular velocity. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind turbine; drive train; frequency analysis; root locus wind turbine; drive train; frequency analysis; root locus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ansoategui, I.; Zulueta, E.; Fernandez-Gamiz, U.; Lopez-Guede, J.M. Mechatronic Modeling and Frequency Analysis of the Drive Train of a Horizontal Wind Turbine. Energies 2019, 12, 613.

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