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Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of the Installation of Heat-Cost Allocators in Multifamily Buildings in Croatia

1
Department for Regional Development, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Department for Macroeconomics and International Economics, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University North, 48000 Koprivnica, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(3), 507; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030507
Received: 21 December 2018 / Revised: 25 January 2019 / Accepted: 3 February 2019 / Published: 5 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue District Heating)
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Abstract

In order to improve energy efficiency, the Croatian government introduced an individual metering obligation for all district heat network users. The purpose of the research was to evaluate this policy measure regarding its effects on tenants’ behavior and energy savings, but also from the perspective of cost-effectiveness. The sample includes approximately 20% of all Croatian users of district heat energy. Energy savings related to the installation of heat cost allocators are calculated by comparing the specific heat energy consumption, corrected for the number of heating degree days, in periods before and after the installation of the heat cost allocators. The cost-effectiveness assessment is based on the concept of the net present value. The transition to individual metering in Croatia resulted in significant energy savings averaged from 20 to 35%. However, low heat energy prices in cities with a dominant share of heat energy consumption did not ensure a positive net present value of investment for all buildings. View Full-Text
Keywords: district heat network; heat cost allocators; energy efficiency; policy evaluation; net present value district heat network; heat cost allocators; energy efficiency; policy evaluation; net present value
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Slijepčević, S.; Mikulić, D.; Horvat, K. Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of the Installation of Heat-Cost Allocators in Multifamily Buildings in Croatia. Energies 2019, 12, 507.

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