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Open AccessArticle

Data Centers as Active Multi-Energy Systems for Power Grid Decarbonization: A Technical and Economic Analysis

1
Convergent Infrastructures, Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
2
Ventury GmbH, 01309 Dresden, Germany
3
Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Politecnico di Bari, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(21), 4182; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214182
Received: 7 August 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 28 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optimization of Multicarrier Energy Systems)
Power system decarbonization will be one of the main challenges confronting society over the next twenty to thirty years. Renewable energy sources (RES), such as wind and solar, will be the main resources supplying the power grid. Given their volatility, their integration into the grid necessitates planning and utilizing new flexibility options. Energy storage systems (ESS), multi-energy systems and active consumer involvement are three solutions attracting the scientific community’s attention. Data centers (DCs) provide a very high degree of flexibility for consumers. They can be utilized to support system operators or integrate power generated by locally installed renewable energy source generators in the DC’s network. This study is intended to contribute by developing a methodology for planning new flexibility options in DCs. The methodology developed treats DCs as active multi-energy systems. Control strategies were also developed. The technical and economic performance of the solutions implemented was evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: data center (DC); energy storage systems (ESS); flexibility options; multi-energy systems; renewable energy data center (DC); energy storage systems (ESS); flexibility options; multi-energy systems; renewable energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lombardi, P.A.; Moreddy, K.R.; Naumann, A.; Komarnicki, P.; Rodio, C.; Bruno, S. Data Centers as Active Multi-Energy Systems for Power Grid Decarbonization: A Technical and Economic Analysis. Energies 2019, 12, 4182. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214182

AMA Style

Lombardi PA, Moreddy KR, Naumann A, Komarnicki P, Rodio C, Bruno S. Data Centers as Active Multi-Energy Systems for Power Grid Decarbonization: A Technical and Economic Analysis. Energies. 2019; 12(21):4182. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214182

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lombardi, Pio A.; Moreddy, Kranthi R.; Naumann, André; Komarnicki, Przemyslaw; Rodio, Carmine; Bruno, Sergio. 2019. "Data Centers as Active Multi-Energy Systems for Power Grid Decarbonization: A Technical and Economic Analysis" Energies 12, no. 21: 4182. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214182

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