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Open AccessArticle

Smart Battery Pack for Electric Vehicles Based on Active Balancing with Wireless Communication Feedback

1
Department of Electric, Electronic and Information Engineering, University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
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School of Automation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
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Applied Electronics Department, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, 400114 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Energy Technology Department, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(20), 3862; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203862
Received: 16 September 2019 / Revised: 8 October 2019 / Accepted: 11 October 2019 / Published: 12 October 2019
In this paper, the concept of smart battery pack is introduced. The smart battery pack is based on wireless feedback from individual battery cells and is capable to be applied to electric vehicle applications. The proposed solution increases the usable capacity and prolongs the life cycle of the batteries by directly integrating the battery management system in the battery pack. The battery cells are connected through half-bridge chopper circuits, which allow either the insertion or the bypass of a single cell depending on the current states of charge. This consequently leads to the balancing of the whole pack during both the typical charging and discharging time of an electric vehicle and enables the fault-tolerant operation of the pack. A wireless feedback for implementing the balancing method is proposed. This solution reduces the need for cabling and simplifies the assembling of the battery pack, making also possible a direct off-board diagnosis. The paper validates the proposed smart battery pack and the wireless feedback through simulations and experimental results by adopting a battery cell emulator. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart battery pack; active balancing; wireless feedback; electrical vehicles smart battery pack; active balancing; wireless feedback; electrical vehicles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ricco, M.; Meng, J.; Gherman, T.; Grandi, G.; Teodorescu, R. Smart Battery Pack for Electric Vehicles Based on Active Balancing with Wireless Communication Feedback. Energies 2019, 12, 3862.

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