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Open AccessArticle

Lithium Hydroxide Reaction for Low Temperature Chemical Heat Storage: Hydration and Dehydration Reaction

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603, Japan
2
Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(19), 3741; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193741
Received: 6 September 2019 / Revised: 22 September 2019 / Accepted: 27 September 2019 / Published: 30 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internal Combustion Engine Waste Heat Recovery)
As a key parameter of a chemical heat storage material, the hydration and dehydration reaction characteristics of lithium hydroxide (LiOH) at pure vapor condition is unclear. In this study, we focused on the hydration reaction and dehydration process of LiOH at the pure vapor condition. The pressure–temperature diagram of LiOH equilibrium was measured. The hydration and dehydration of LiOH at various conditions have been experimentally investigated. The results show that the steam diffusion can be greatly enhanced at vacuum condition. A thin layer of LiOH is uniformly dispersed in the reactor, which can greatly increase the heat transfer between the LiOH material and reactor, leading to a higher hydration reaction rate of LiOH. Furthermore, the steam pressure, reaction temperature, and the particle size of LiOH can greatly influence the hydration reaction. A maximum hydration reaction rate of 80% is obtained under the conditions of 47 °C, steam pressure of 9 kPa, and particle size of 32–40 μm. LiOH exhibits a different reaction property at the condition of pure steam without air and below atmospheric pressure. A store and reaction condition of LiOH with isolation of air is recommended when apply LiOH as a heat storage material at low temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: LiOH; heat storage; low temperature; hydration reaction; dehydration reaction LiOH; heat storage; low temperature; hydration reaction; dehydration reaction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, J.; Zeng, T.; Kobayashi, N.; Xu, H.; Bai, Y.; Deng, L.; He, Z.; Huang, H. Lithium Hydroxide Reaction for Low Temperature Chemical Heat Storage: Hydration and Dehydration Reaction. Energies 2019, 12, 3741. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193741

AMA Style

Li J, Zeng T, Kobayashi N, Xu H, Bai Y, Deng L, He Z, Huang H. Lithium Hydroxide Reaction for Low Temperature Chemical Heat Storage: Hydration and Dehydration Reaction. Energies. 2019; 12(19):3741. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193741

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Jun; Zeng, Tao; Kobayashi, Noriyuki; Xu, Haotai; Bai, Yu; Deng, Lisheng; He, Zhaohong; Huang, Hongyu. 2019. "Lithium Hydroxide Reaction for Low Temperature Chemical Heat Storage: Hydration and Dehydration Reaction" Energies 12, no. 19: 3741. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193741

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