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Article

The Potential of Wind Power-Supported Geothermal District Heating Systems—Model Results for a Location in Warsaw (Poland)

1
Department of Fossil Fuels, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
2
Department of Engineering Management, Faculty of Management, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Kraków, Poland
3
School of Business, Society and Engineering, MDH University, 722 20 Västerås, Sweden
4
Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Goethe University, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(19), 3706; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193706
Received: 8 August 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 24 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue District Heating)
Geothermal heat is considered a sustainable energy source with significant global potential. Together with heat distribution networks, it can provide clean thermal energy to individual and commercial consumers. However, peaks in heat demand can require additional peaking sources at times. In this paper, we investigated how wind turbines can act as a peak energy source for a geothermal district heating system. We studied a model consisting of a geothermal heat source, a heat storage and wind power generator using historical weather data of Warsaw (Poland) and showed that wind power could increase the renewable share to supply a considerable heat demand compared to a geothermal heat source alone. The results indicate that wind power can be a suitable complement for a geothermal heat source to provide energy for heating. It is shown that a theoretical geo-wind-thermal storage based district heating network supplying 1000 m2, which requires 100 W/m2 at an outdoor temperature of −20 °C should have the following parameters: 4.8 MWh of thermal energy storage capacity, 45 kW of geothermal capacity and 5 kW of wind capacity. Such a system would ensure minimal wind curtailment, high utilization of geothermal source and high reliability of supply. View Full-Text
Keywords: district heating; geothermal; wind power; hybrid energy source; renewable balancing district heating; geothermal; wind power; hybrid energy source; renewable balancing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ciapała, B.; Jurasz, J.; Kies, A. The Potential of Wind Power-Supported Geothermal District Heating Systems—Model Results for a Location in Warsaw (Poland). Energies 2019, 12, 3706. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193706

AMA Style

Ciapała B, Jurasz J, Kies A. The Potential of Wind Power-Supported Geothermal District Heating Systems—Model Results for a Location in Warsaw (Poland). Energies. 2019; 12(19):3706. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193706

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ciapała, Bartłomiej, Jakub Jurasz, and Alexander Kies. 2019. "The Potential of Wind Power-Supported Geothermal District Heating Systems—Model Results for a Location in Warsaw (Poland)" Energies 12, no. 19: 3706. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193706

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