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Building Energy Retrofit Measures in Hot-Summer–Cold-Winter Climates: A Case Study in Shanghai

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Department of Architecture and Built Environment, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, University Park, Ningbo 315100, China
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Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
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Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Nottingham Ningbo, University Park, Ningbo 315100, China
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Shanghai Daren Construction Engineering Co. Ltd., Floor 1, Building 60, No. 1818, Lianhang Road, Minhang District, Shanghai 201112, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(17), 3393; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12173393
Received: 16 May 2019 / Revised: 27 August 2019 / Accepted: 29 August 2019 / Published: 3 September 2019
Building retrofit measures provide a significant means of mitigating the effect of climate change on buildings by enhancing building energy performance at a beneficial cost-effectiveness. An insight into the applicable building retrofit measures within a climate zone will guide the optimisation framework to attaining sustainability in architecture and the built environment. This article presents a brief overview of recent studies on retrofit measures and its application on a variety of buildings in hot-summer–cold-winter climates, with emphasis on Shanghai. Findings show that the major retrofit measures include improvement in the building envelope, heating, ventilation and cooling (HVAC) and lighting, supported by photovoltaic (PV) systems, accordingly. Furthermore, the study identifies key elements and plausible challenges for the evaluation of building retrofit measures in this region. In this regard, financial barriers and lack of standards and regulatory support are the main challenges identified. These insights provide a systematic approach to guide building researchers, practitioners and decision-makers in the design and development of existing and new retrofit measures for the future of rapidly growing cities with a broad climate variation scope. View Full-Text
Keywords: building retrofit measures; building energy consumption; climate change; hot-summer–cold-winter; Shanghai building retrofit measures; building energy consumption; climate change; hot-summer–cold-winter; Shanghai
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Hong, Y.; Ezeh, C.I.; Deng, W.; Hong, S.-H.; Peng, Z. Building Energy Retrofit Measures in Hot-Summer–Cold-Winter Climates: A Case Study in Shanghai. Energies 2019, 12, 3393.

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