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Electric Vehicles for Public Transportation in Power Systems: A Review of Methodologies

1
Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad de las Américas—Ecuador, Quito 170122, Ecuador
2
Grupo de Investigación en Energías, Universidad Politécnica Salesiana, Cuenca 010103, Ecuador
3
Institute for Energy Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
4
Intelligent & Interactive Systems Lab (SI2 Lab), Universidad de las Américas—Ecuador, Quito 170125, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(16), 3114; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163114
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 5 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Practice and Innovations in Sustainable Transport)
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Abstract

The market for electric vehicles (EVs) has grown with each year, and EVs are considered to be a proper solution for the mitigation of urban pollution. So far, not much attention has been devoted to the use of EVs for public transportation, such as taxis and buses. However, a massive introduction of electric taxis (ETs) and electric buses (EBs) could generate issues in the grid. The challenges are different from those of private EVs, as their required load is much higher and the related time constraints must be considered with much more attention. These issues have begun to be studied within the last few years. This paper presents a review of the different approaches that have been proposed by various authors, to mitigate the impact of EBs and ETs on the future smart grid. Furthermore, some projects with regard to the integration of ETs and EBs around the world are presented. Some guidelines for future works are also proposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: charging approaches; electric bus; electric taxi; electric vehicle; public transportation; smart grid charging approaches; electric bus; electric taxi; electric vehicle; public transportation; smart grid
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Clairand, J.-M.; Guerra-Terán, P.; Serrano-Guerrero, X.; González-Rodríguez, M.; Escrivá-Escrivá, G. Electric Vehicles for Public Transportation in Power Systems: A Review of Methodologies. Energies 2019, 12, 3114.

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