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Article

Voltage Stability Index Calculation by Hybrid State Estimation Based on Multi Objective Optimal Phasor Measurement Unit Placement

1
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Tobata, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 804-8550, Japan
2
Advanced Lightning and Power Energy Research (ALPER), Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(14), 2688; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12142688
Received: 30 April 2019 / Revised: 30 June 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
Operation of a power system close to the voltage stability limit due to increasing of load demand and limited power sources may result in disastrous economic loss with voltage collapse of the entire power system. A system operator has to understand how far the system is from the critical boundary of the voltage collapse. This paper investigated the influence of State Estimation (SE) in the calculation of the Critical Boundary Index (CBI) as a voltage stability index. For SE, Hybrid State Estimation (HSE), including the measurement set of both Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) in Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU), is employed. Concurrently, the CBI is estimated using voltage phasor estimated by HSE based on optimal PMU location, which is selected from a Pareto optimal front obtained by the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II). As a result of CBI estimation, HSE using PMU is relatively accurate in voltage stability index estimation compared to SCADA SE, which uses the RTU alone. However, when a mixed measurement condition in some lines affects the CBI estimation, it is suggested that it may be necessary to discard PMU measurements in some cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: phasor measurement unit; voltage stability; voltage collapse; multi objective optimization; state estimation phasor measurement unit; voltage stability; voltage collapse; multi objective optimization; state estimation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matsukawa, Y.; Watanabe, M.; Abdul Wahab, N.I.; Othman, M.L. Voltage Stability Index Calculation by Hybrid State Estimation Based on Multi Objective Optimal Phasor Measurement Unit Placement. Energies 2019, 12, 2688. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12142688

AMA Style

Matsukawa Y, Watanabe M, Abdul Wahab NI, Othman ML. Voltage Stability Index Calculation by Hybrid State Estimation Based on Multi Objective Optimal Phasor Measurement Unit Placement. Energies. 2019; 12(14):2688. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12142688

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matsukawa, Yoshiaki, Masayuki Watanabe, Noor I. Abdul Wahab, and Mohammad L. Othman 2019. "Voltage Stability Index Calculation by Hybrid State Estimation Based on Multi Objective Optimal Phasor Measurement Unit Placement" Energies 12, no. 14: 2688. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12142688

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