The recent growing attention to energy saving and environmental protection issues has brought attention to the possibility of exploiting syngas from gasification of biomass and coal for the firing of industrial plants included in the, so called, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle power plants. In order to improve knowledge on the employ of syngas in lean premixed turbulent flames, a large scale swirl stabilized gas-turbine burner has been operated with a simplified model of H2
enriched syngas from coal gasification. The experimental campaign has been performed at atmospheric pressure, with operating conditions derived from scaling the real gas turbines. The results are reported here and consist of OH-PLIF (OH Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence) measurements, carried out at decreasing equivalence of air/fuel ratio conditions and analysed together with the mean aerodynamic characterisation of the burner flow field in isothermal conditions obtained through LDV (Laser Doppler Velocimetry) and PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) measurements. The OH concentration distributions have been analysed statistically in order to obtain information about the location of the most reactive zones, and an algorithm has been applied to the data in order to identify the flame fronts. In addition, the flame front locations have been successively interpreted statistically to obtain information about their main features and their dependence on the air to fuel ratio behaviour.
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