Next Article in Journal
HVAC Optimization Genetic Algorithm for Industrial Near-Zero-Energy Building Demand Response
Next Article in Special Issue
Evolutionary Multi-Objective Cost and Privacy Driven Load Morphing in Smart Electricity Grid Partition
Previous Article in Journal
A General Intelligent Optimization Algorithm Combination Framework with Application in Economic Load Dispatch Problems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Modeling Phase Shifters in Power System Simulations Based on Reduced Networks
Open AccessArticle

Comparison of Measured and Calculated Data for NPP Krško CILR Test

University of Zagreb Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, Unska 3, Zagreb 10000, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(11), 2176; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12112176
Received: 10 May 2019 / Revised: 1 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 7 June 2019
Containment is the last barrier for release of radioactive materials in the case of an accident in the nuclear power plant (NPP). Its overall integrity is tested during a containment integrated leak rate test (CILRT) at the design pressure, at regular intervals. Due to applied risk based licensing, the test intervals can be increased up to once in 10 years and beyond. Taking that into account it is important to prepare the test properly and to use obtained results to assess the real status of the containment. The test can be used to verify existing containment calculation models. There is a potential benefit of verified computer models usage for the explanation of some test results, too. NPP Krško has performed CILRT during the plant outage in 2016. The paper presents a comparison between measured data and results calculated using a multivolume GOTHIC (Generation Of Thermal Hydraulic Information For Containment) model. The test scenario was reproduced using limited available data up to the end of the pressurization phase. The depressurization phase is calculated by the code and measured leakage rate is implemented in the model. Taking into account the necessary adjustments in the model, overall prediction of the measured results (in terms of pressure, temperature and humidity) is very good. In the last phase of the test some non-physical behavior is noticed (without influence on overall test results), probably caused by the combination of air redistribution within the containment and influence of heat transfer to plant systems that were in the operation during the test. GOTHIC model was used to check sensitivity of the predicted pressure (leak rate) to different heat inputs and to investigate the influence that operation of only one reactor containment fan cooler (RCFC) train during pressurization can have on the mixing of air within the containment. In addition, the influence of currently used weighting factors (weighting of measured temperature, relative humidity and pressure data) on the used test methodology is investigated. The possible non-conservative direction of the influence (currently used weighting factors are giving lower leakage rate) was demonstrated and a new set of weighting factors is proposed too. View Full-Text
Keywords: NPP Krško; CILRT; GOTHIC code; containment; mass point method measurement; weighting factors NPP Krško; CILRT; GOTHIC code; containment; mass point method measurement; weighting factors
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vlahović, Š.; Šadek, S.; Grgić, D.; Fancev, T.; Benčik, V. Comparison of Measured and Calculated Data for NPP Krško CILR Test. Energies 2019, 12, 2176.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop