Next Article in Journal
A Modified Wireless Power Transfer System for Medical Implants
Next Article in Special Issue
Analysis and Control of Fault Ride-Through Capability Improvement for Wind Turbine Based on a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator Using an Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic System
Previous Article in Journal
Analytical Modeling and Comparison of Two Consequent-Pole Magnetic-Geared Machines for Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Previous Article in Special Issue
Optimization of Component Sizing for a Fuel Cell-Powered Truck to Minimize Ownership Cost
Open AccessArticle

Optimization of the Fuel Cell Renewable Hybrid Power System Using the Control Mode of the Required Load Power on the DC Bus

1
Faculty of Electronics, Communication and Computers, University of Pitesti, 1 Targu din Vale, 110040 Pitesti, Romania
2
Polytechnic University of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(10), 1889; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12101889
Received: 9 March 2019 / Revised: 19 April 2019 / Accepted: 14 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fuel Cell Renewable Hybrid Power Systems)
In this paper, a systematic analysis of seven control topologies is performed, based on three possible control variables of the power generated by the Fuel Cell (FC) system: the reference input of the controller for the FC boost converter, and the two reference inputs used by the air regulator and the fuel regulator. The FC system will generate power based on the Required-Power-Following (RPF) control mode in order to ensure the load demand, operating as the main energy source in an FC hybrid power system. The FC system will operate as a backup energy source in an FC renewable Hybrid Power System (by ensuring the lack of power on the DC bus, which is given by the load power minus the renewable power). Thus, power requested from the batteries’ stack will be almost zero during operation of the FC hybrid power system based on RPF-control mode. If the FC hybrid power system operates with a variable load demand, then the lack or excess of power on the DC bus will be dynamically ensured by the hybrid battery/ultracapacitor energy storage system for a safe transition of the FC system under the RPF-control mode. The RPF-control mode will ensure a fair comparison of the seven control topologies based on the same optimization function to improve the fuel savings. The main objective of this paper is to compare the fuel economy obtained by using each strategy under different load cycles in order to identify which is the best strategy operating across entire loading or the best switching strategy using two strategies: one strategy for high load and the other on the rest of the load range. Based on the preliminary results, the fuel consumption using these best strategies can be reduced by more than 15%, compared to commercial strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid power systems; renewable energy sources; fuel cell systems; required-power-following control; optimization; fuel economy hybrid power systems; renewable energy sources; fuel cell systems; required-power-following control; optimization; fuel economy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bizon, N.; Stan, V.A.; Cormos, A.C. Optimization of the Fuel Cell Renewable Hybrid Power System Using the Control Mode of the Required Load Power on the DC Bus. Energies 2019, 12, 1889.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop