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Energies 2019, 12(1), 162; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010162

Effect of Tip Clearance on Flow Field and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Large Meridional Expansion Turbine

College of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
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Received: 27 November 2018 / Revised: 27 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 4 January 2019
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Abstract

The large meridional expansion turbine stator leads to complex secondary flows and heat transfer characteristics in the blade endwall region, while the upstream tip clearance leakage flow of the rotor makes it more complex in flow and heat transfer. The influence of the upstream rotor tip clearance on the large meridian expansion stator is worth studying. The flow and heat transfer characteristics of the downstream large meridional expansion turbine stator were studied by comparing the tip leakage flow of 1.5-stage shrouded and unshrouded turbines using a three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) solver for viscous turbulent flows. Validation studies were performed to investigate the aerodynamics and heat transfer prediction ability of the shear stress transport (SST) turbulence model. The influence of different tip clearances of the rotor including unshrouded blade heights of 0%, 1% and 5% and a 1% shrouded blade height were investigated through numerical simulation. The results showed that the upper passage vortex separation was more serious and the separation, and attachment point of horseshoe vortex in the pressure side were significantly more advanced than that of non-expansion turbines. The tip leakage vortex obviously increased the negative incidence angle at the downstream inlet. Furthermore, the strength of the high heat transfer zone on the suction surface of the downstream stator was significantly increased, while that of the shrouded rotor decreased. View Full-Text
Keywords: large meridional expansion; tip clearance; heat transfer; shrouded turbine; tip leakage vortex large meridional expansion; tip clearance; heat transfer; shrouded turbine; tip leakage vortex
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Meng, F.; Zheng, Q.; Gao, J.; Fu, W. Effect of Tip Clearance on Flow Field and Heat Transfer Characteristics in a Large Meridional Expansion Turbine. Energies 2019, 12, 162.

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