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Open AccessArticle

Laboratory Test Bed for Analyzing Fault-Detection Reaction Times of Protection Relays in Different Substation Topologies

1
Department of Research and Development, HELB Ltd., Dugo Selo 10370, Croatia
2
Department of Energy and Power Systems, University of Zagreb Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, Zagreb 10000, Croatia
3
Končar-Power Plant and Electric Traction Engineering Inc., Fallerovo 22, Zagreb 10000, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2482; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092482
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 11 September 2018 / Published: 18 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
Visions of energy transition focus on activating end users, meaning that numerous flexible-distribution network-level devices become active participants in power-system operations. This implies a fast, reliable, and secure exchange of data, enabling the distribution-system operators to maintain, or even improve, the quality and delivery of service. With the introduction of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61850 standard, the path is set for a single communication topology covering all substation levels. The standard has the potential to change the way substations are designed, built, tested, and maintained. This means that the key segment of the substation, its protection system, will go through a transition period with the end goal of having a digitized substation where all information exchange is performed over an Ethernet communication bus. This paper analyzes the performance impact of the IEC 61850-9-2LE on the protection system. To do this, a laboratory hardware-in-the-loop test setup was developed representing traditional-, hybrid-, and digital-substation topology. The setup serves to simulate faults and create transient waveforms in an extended IEEE 123-node test system, which is then used to detect the reaction times of protection relay devices. To verify the results, a significant number of tests was performed clearly showing the benefits of digitalizing the distribution system. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital substation; generic object-oriented substation event (GOOSE); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61850; intelligent electronics device (IED); merging unit; relay protection; substation configuration language (SCL) digital substation; generic object-oriented substation event (GOOSE); International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61850; intelligent electronics device (IED); merging unit; relay protection; substation configuration language (SCL)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jurišić, G.; Havelka, J.; Capuder, T.; Sučić, S. Laboratory Test Bed for Analyzing Fault-Detection Reaction Times of Protection Relays in Different Substation Topologies. Energies 2018, 11, 2482. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092482

AMA Style

Jurišić G, Havelka J, Capuder T, Sučić S. Laboratory Test Bed for Analyzing Fault-Detection Reaction Times of Protection Relays in Different Substation Topologies. Energies. 2018; 11(9):2482. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092482

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jurišić, Goran; Havelka, Juraj; Capuder, Tomislav; Sučić, Stjepan. 2018. "Laboratory Test Bed for Analyzing Fault-Detection Reaction Times of Protection Relays in Different Substation Topologies" Energies 11, no. 9: 2482. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092482

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