Next Article in Journal
Determining Equipment Capacity of Electric Vehicle Charging Station Operator for Profit Maximization
Previous Article in Journal
Design of Multilayer Ring Emitter Based on Metamaterial for Thermophotovoltaic Applications
Previous Article in Special Issue
Study on EV Charging Peak Reduction with V2G Utilizing Idle Charging Stations: The Jeju Island Case
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2300; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092300

Emissions from the Road Traffic of West African Cities: Assessment of Vehicle Fleet and Fuel Consumption

1
Laboratoire de Physique de l’Atmophère et Mécanique des fluides, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Cote d’Ivoire
2
Centre d’Excellence Africain sur le Changement Climatique, la Biodiversité et l’Agriculture Durable, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Cote d’Ivoire
3
Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences Biologiques, Université Péléforo Gon Coulibaly, BP 1328 Korhogo, Cote d’Ivoire
4
Institute of Geosciences for Environment, Université Grenoble Alpes, IRD, CNRS, Grenoble INP, F-38000 Grenoble, France
5
Institut de Géographie Tropicale (IGT), Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 01 BPV 34 Abidjan 01, Abidjan 22, Cote d’Ivoire
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 12 July 2018 / Accepted: 17 July 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management in Vehicle–Grid–Traffic Nexus)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4561 KB, uploaded 1 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

Traffic source emission inventories for the rapidly growing West African urban cities are necessary for better characterization of local vehicle emissions released into the atmosphere of these cities. This study is based on local field measurements in Yopougon (Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire) in 2016; a site representative of anthropogenic activities in West African cities. The measurements provided data on vehicle type and age, traveling time, fuel type, and estimated amount of fuel consumption. The data revealed high traffic flow of personal cars on highways, boulevards, and backstreets, whereas high flows of intra-communal sedan taxis were observed on main and secondary roads. In addition, the highest daily fuel consumption value of 56 L·day−1 was recorded for heavy vehicles, while the lowest value of 15 L·day−1 was recorded for personal cars using gasoline. This study is important for the improvement of uncertainties related to the different databases used to estimate emissions either in national or international reports. This work provides useful information for future studies on urban air quality, climate, and health impact assessments in African cities. It may also be useful for policy makers to support implementation of emission reduction policies in West African cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: West African cities; urban transport; traffic flows; fuel consumption; emission inventories; Yopougon West African cities; urban transport; traffic flows; fuel consumption; emission inventories; Yopougon
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Doumbia, M.; Toure, N.E.; Silue, S.; Yoboue, V.; Diedhiou, A.; Hauhouot, C. Emissions from the Road Traffic of West African Cities: Assessment of Vehicle Fleet and Fuel Consumption. Energies 2018, 11, 2300.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top