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Development of Energy Storage Systems for Power Network Reliability: A Review

1
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Nibong Tebal 14300, Malaysia
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Department of Vehicle Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, 1, Sec. 3, Chung-Hsiao E. Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, National Changhua University of Education, No. 1, Jinde Rd., Changhua City 50007, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2278; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092278
Received: 6 August 2018 / Revised: 26 August 2018 / Accepted: 27 August 2018 / Published: 30 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
Electricity plays a crucial role in the well-being of humans and is a determining factor of the economic development of a country. Electricity issues have encouraged researchers to focus on improving power availability and quality along with reliability. This pursuit has increasingly raised the intention to integrate renewable energy (RE) into power systems to curb the problem of energy deficiency. However, intermittency in the sources of RE supply coupled with fluctuating changes in demand with respect to time has induced high risk in maintaining system reliability in terms of providing adequate supply to consumers. Whilst an energy storage system (ESS) is not another source of electricity, it is proven to be effective and viable in solving the aforementioned issues. Thus, this paper comprehensively reviews the development of ESS technologies and discusses the benefits and real-life applications of these technologies. The concept of reliability in power systems is also explored to provide an improved understanding of this study. Lastly, notable studies that have addressed the reliability impact of ESSs on power systems are discussed. This review paper therefore is expected to provide a critical analysis of ESS developments, as well as recognize their research gaps in terms of reliability studies in modern RE-integrated power networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy storage system; power system reliability; renewable energy; smart grid energy storage system; power system reliability; renewable energy; smart grid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohamad, F.; Teh, J.; Lai, C.-M.; Chen, L.-R. Development of Energy Storage Systems for Power Network Reliability: A Review. Energies 2018, 11, 2278.

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