Next Article in Journal
The Use of Led Technology and Biomass to Power Public Lighting in a Local Context: The Case of Baeza (Spain)
Previous Article in Journal
An Online Measurement Method for Insulator Creepage Distance on Transmission Lines
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2018, 11(7), 1782;

Future Challenges and Mitigation Methods for High Photovoltaic Penetration: A Survey

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2018 / Revised: 2 July 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 6 July 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1921 KB, uploaded 6 July 2018]   |  


Integration of high volume (high penetration) of photovoltaic (PV) generation with power grids consequently leads to some technical challenges that are mainly due to the intermittent nature of solar energy, the volume of data involved in the smart grid architecture, and the impact power electronic-based smart inverters. These challenges include reverse power flow, voltage fluctuations, power quality issues, dynamic stability, big data challenges and others. This paper investigates the existing challenges with the current level of PV penetration and looks into the challenges with high PV penetration in future scenarios such as smart cities, transactive energy, proliferation of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), possible eclipse events, big data issues and environmental impacts. Within the context of these future scenarios, this paper reviewed the existing solutions and provides insights to new and future solutions that could be explored to ultimately address these issues and improve the smart grid’s security, reliability and resiliency. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; high PV penetration; challenges; mitigation; big data smart grid; high PV penetration; challenges; mitigation; big data

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Olowu, T.O.; Sundararajan, A.; Moghaddami, M.; Sarwat, A.I. Future Challenges and Mitigation Methods for High Photovoltaic Penetration: A Survey. Energies 2018, 11, 1782.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top