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Energies 2018, 11(6), 1410; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061410

An Experimental Investigation on the NO and CO Emission Characteristics of a Swirl Convergent-Divergent Nozzle at Elevated Pressure

National Thermal Power Engineering & Technology Research Center, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
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Received: 8 May 2018 / Revised: 31 May 2018 / Accepted: 31 May 2018 / Published: 31 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
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Abstract

The behavior of the pollutants NO and CO at elevated combustor pressure are of special importance due to the continuing trend toward developing engines operating at higher pressure ratios to yield higher thermal efficiency. An experiment was performed to examine the NO and CO emissions for a swirl convergent-divergent nozzle at elevated pressure. The NO and CO correlations were obtained. Meanwhile, the flame length, exhaust gas oxygen concentration, exit temperature and global flame residence time were also determined to analyze the NO and CO emission characteristics. The results showed that, with the increase in combustor pressure P, flame length decreased proportionally to P−0.49; exit O2 volume fraction increased and exit temperature was reduced. The global flame residence time decreased proportionally to P−0.43. As pressure increased, The NO and Emission Index of NO (EINO) levels decreased proportionally to P−0.53 and P−0.6 respectively, which is mainly attributed to the influence of global flame residence time; the NO and EINO increased almost proportionally with the increase in global flame residence time. The EINO scaling EINO (ρue/d) was proportional to Fr0.42, which indicated that compared with pure fuel, the fuel diluted with primary air can cause a decrease in the exponent of the Fr power function. At higher pressure, the CO and Emission Index of CO (EICO) decreased proportionally to P−0.35 and P−0.4, respectively, due to the increased unburned methane and high pressure which accelerated chemical reaction kinetics to promote the conversion of CO to CO2. View Full-Text
Keywords: NO emission; CO emission; swirl convergent-divergent nozzle; combustion at elevated pressure; turbulent non-premixed flame NO emission; CO emission; swirl convergent-divergent nozzle; combustion at elevated pressure; turbulent non-premixed flame
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Xi, Z.; Fu, Z.; Hu, X.; Sabir, S.W.; Jiang, Y. An Experimental Investigation on the NO and CO Emission Characteristics of a Swirl Convergent-Divergent Nozzle at Elevated Pressure. Energies 2018, 11, 1410.

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