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Open AccessArticle

Modeling and Control of a Combined Heat and Power Unit with Two-Stage Bypass

1
School of Control and Computer Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
2
Beijing Guodian Zhishen Control Technology CO., Ltd., Beijing 102200, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(6), 1395; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061395
Received: 10 May 2018 / Revised: 24 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 30 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Control and Nonlinear Dynamics on Energy Conversion Systems)
This paper presents a non-linear dynamic model of a combined heat and power (CHP) unit with two-stage bypass for the first time. This model is derived through an analysis of the material and energy balance of the CHP unit. The static parameters are determined via the design data of the CHP unit, and the dynamic parameters refer to model parameters of same type of units in other references. Based on the model, an optimized control scheme for the coordination system of the unit is proposed. This scheme introduces a stair-like feedforward-feedback predictive control algorithm to solve the control problem of large delays in boiler combustion, and integrates decoupling control to reduce the effect of external disturbance on the main steam pressure. Simulation results indicate that the model effectively reflects the dynamics of the CHP unit and can be used for designing and verifying its coordinated control system; the control scheme can achieve decoupling control of the CHP unit; the fluctuation of main steam pressure is considerably reduced; and the adjustment of coal feed flow is stable. In this case, the proposed scheme can guarantee the safe, stable and flexible operation of the unit and lay the foundation for decoupling the heat load-based constraint of CHP units, thereby expanding the access space of wind power in northern China. View Full-Text
Keywords: combined heat and power unit; two-stage bypass; dynamic model; coordinated control system; predictive control; decoupling control combined heat and power unit; two-stage bypass; dynamic model; coordinated control system; predictive control; decoupling control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gao, Y.; Hu, Y.; Zeng, D.; Liu, J.; Chen, F. Modeling and Control of a Combined Heat and Power Unit with Two-Stage Bypass. Energies 2018, 11, 1395. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061395

AMA Style

Gao Y, Hu Y, Zeng D, Liu J, Chen F. Modeling and Control of a Combined Heat and Power Unit with Two-Stage Bypass. Energies. 2018; 11(6):1395. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061395

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gao, Yaokui; Hu, Yong; Zeng, Deliang; Liu, Jizhen; Chen, Feng. 2018. "Modeling and Control of a Combined Heat and Power Unit with Two-Stage Bypass" Energies 11, no. 6: 1395. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061395

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