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Energies 2018, 11(4), 822; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11040822

Local Flexibility Market Design for Aggregators Providing Multiple Flexibility Services at Distribution Network Level

1
Centre d’Innovació Tecnològica en Convertidors Estàtics i Accionaments (CITCEA-UPC), Departament d’Enginyeria Elèctrica, ETS d’Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
2
Smart Innovation Norway AS, NCE Smart Energy Markets, 1783 Halden, Norway
3
eSmart Systems AS, 1783 Halden, Norway
4
Department of Computer Science and Computational Engineering, University of Tromsø (UiT), 8505 Narvik, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: CITCEA-UPC, Planta 2, Avinguda Diagonal, 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 23 March 2018 / Accepted: 27 March 2018 / Published: 2 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Decentralised Energy Supply Systems)
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Abstract

This paper presents a general description of local flexibility markets as a market-based management mechanism for aggregators. The high penetration of distributed energy resources introduces new flexibility services like prosumer or community self-balancing, congestion management and time-of-use optimization. This work is focused on the flexibility framework to enable multiple participants to compete for selling or buying flexibility. In this framework, the aggregator acts as a local market operator and supervises flexibility transactions of the local energy community. Local market participation is voluntary. Potential flexibility stakeholders are the distribution system operator, the balance responsible party and end-users themselves. Flexibility is sold by means of loads, generators, storage units and electric vehicles. Finally, this paper presents needed interactions between all local market stakeholders, the corresponding inputs and outputs of local market operation algorithms from participants and a case study to highlight the application of the local flexibility market in three scenarios. The local market framework could postpone grid upgrades, reduce energy costs and increase distribution grids’ hosting capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: flexibility; local markets; smart grids; distribution network; distributed energy resources flexibility; local markets; smart grids; distribution network; distributed energy resources
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Olivella-Rosell, P.; Lloret-Gallego, P.; Munné-Collado, Í.; Villafafila-Robles, R.; Sumper, A.; Ottessen, S.Ø.; Rajasekharan, J.; Bremdal, B.A. Local Flexibility Market Design for Aggregators Providing Multiple Flexibility Services at Distribution Network Level. Energies 2018, 11, 822.

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